English Literature and Grammar

If it rains, I shall stay at home.
Bob Clark


Conditionals are sentences in which the main-clause as well as the subordinate-clause express conditions. In each of the clauses one event follows the other or depends upon the other.

Let us look at these sentences

If it rains, I shall stay at home. (1st Conditional)

I shall stay at home if it rains.

If it rained, I would stay at home. (2nd Conditional)

I would stay at home if it rained.

If it had rained, I would have stayed at home. (3rd Conditional)

I would have stayed at home if it hadrained.

We notice that in each of these sentences have two clauses – the main clause and the subordinate clause.

I will stay at home if it rains.

Main clause subordinate clause

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Teaching Digital and Media Literacy Skills in High School

The Unraveled Teacher

Media is around us all the time. We are constantly consuming media even when we don’t realize it. The digital age has brought an ever-present stream of media messages that are nearly impossible to escape. What does this mean for the high school English classroom? After a year of reflecting on this very question, I’ve decided to revamp how I structure my high school ELA classes. Instead of making short stories, novels, poetry, and plays the center focus of my units, I’ve started making media analysis the primary focus with those classic literature elements as supporting readings.

Students generally have a difficult time sorting through media and determining what is real or fake, or what is a paid ad. Take a look at this article from NPR, Students Have ‘Dismaying’ Inability To Tell Fake News From Real, Study Finds. Although the study mentioned is from 2016, it does a…

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Indian Heritage

Our country’s heritage has grown
For thousands of years.
Crafted through generations,
Into an exquisite tapestry
Of cultures across the world.

The ancient art of Ajanta Ellora,
Magnificent sculptures of Khajuraho,
Lingaraj , Kailashnath, Konark,
The brilliance of the Taj.
Stand witness to craftsmanship
Polished through millenniums.

Rich in texts, from Vedas to Gitanjali.
Dance forms of Odissi, Bharatnatyam
Kuchipudi, Kathak, Mohiniattam
Classical music, songs and folklore
Distilled refined tuned to perfection
Makes us swing to mellifluous tunes.

Languages, dresses and delicacies,
Of different cultures and traditions.
Create a motley of colours and gaity,
Enriching every soul that comes in touch.
This priceless heritage of ours,
We pledge to protect and preserve.

Photo by Sumita Tah
This wheel is a part of Konark temple crafted in the form of the chariot of Sun God driven by seven horses.
Each of these wheels tells a story as well the time to minutes as the rays of the sun fall on it.

3 Tips For Writing When Overcome By Writer’s Block

A Writer's Path

When Maya Angelou spoke about her daily writing routines, she described how she rented a hotel downtown and arrived there at 6:30 in the morning. She would write, stay until about two in the afternoon, then go home and look over what she had written that morning.

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Earth Day

Photo by Akil Mazumder

We keep a day for the Earth,
To reflect upon our deeds;
Debate on the endless greed,
Which ruin the world.
Extreme climate is the reward,
Sadly the animals and birds;
Which do not have a hand,
In the earth’s destruction,
Will perish first.

Then humans will follow,
And the Earth shall watch;
Her creations suffer and exit.
Once more she’ll rebuild herself,
And sigh, remembering the people;
Who predicted the end of the world.

How to write a simple note. — jenny’s lark

For many years now you’ve heard me repeat the suggestion to pen handwritten notes. Handwritten notes are little treasures for the recipients, and the act of writing them is a particular and special kind of gratitude practice that may be trendy to talk about now but that has always, always been true. One of the […]

How to write a simple note. — jenny’s lark

Pressure and Performance — English Literature and Grammar

Photo by Andrea Piacquadio

Underground water is easily pumped out due to the pressure underground. When a drilling machine drills for water, it comes out with great force, throwing the water high up; creating a wonder among the onlookers. Gradually, the pressure becomes less and the water gurgles out for sometime before stopping […]

Pressure and Performance — English Literature and Grammar

History Repeats Itself

This is a popular saying which we all have heard, but unfortunately we have always failed to learn from history. We are lucky to have all the relevant information from the past to fall back upon. Like the pandemics in the past centuries. The wars and the famines that have devastated mankind in the past. Yet, we seem to be deliberately shutting our eyes and committing the same mistakes which led to the catastrophes. It is time to understand that one or two people cannot be allowed to ruin lives of many. It is possible to overule such orders which our heart knows to be wrong. Standing up for the right has its rewards, just like being accomplice to the wrong has its long term punishments. It is time to gear up for protecting nature which is heating up beyond limits. Let us pledge to learn something from the past and make the future better for future generations.

Photo by Pixabay


English Literature and Grammar

A card and an envelope.
Photo by

Three words ‘a’ ‘an’ and ‘the’ are called

Articles are of two types:

  1. Indefinite Articles
  2. Definite articles
  1. Indefinite Articles – ‘A’ and ‘An’ are weakened form of one and are
    called Indefinite Articles as they do not point out to any particular person or
  2. Definite article – ‘The’ is called the definite article because it points out some definite
    or particular person or thing.

Use of Indefinite articles ‘A
and ‘An’:

Use of indefinite article ‘A’;

  • Before a word beginning with a consonant sound:

A boy, a pen

  • Before a word beginning with the sound ‘yu’

university, a union, a unicorn, a usage, a
European, a unicorn

  • Before a word beginning with the sound ‘wu’

A one-pound
note, a one-eyed…

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War Ruins — yaskhan

war zone death’s heartbeat regardless of spring people cry each other into bomb shelters sun crashes on bloodied walls some screams live in the throat some never survive to live reading the newsI feel the fear between broadcasts no deadlines for destruction where leaders buy time with destruction bloodied peace offering the dead become the […]

War Ruins — yaskhan