Showers of blessings

Droplets of life from heaven

The tip-tap of the raindrops ;
Falling on the floor ,
Remind me of the raindrops ,
From the days of yore.

Chubby little hands;
Holding on to the rail,
That ran across the window
Almost like a jail.

The street below the window;
Suddenly begins to fill,
As rain gush down in showers,
Drowning hearts with thrill.

What fun it was to make ;
The dreamy paper boats,
And sail them in the torrent ,
Hoping they would float.

The rain came down in a white sheet;
As far as eyes could see,
Covering familiar surroundings,
In an unknown mystery.

Thunder and lighting outside;
Inside were dripping sounds,
As water fell here and there,
Drop by drop on ground.

Piping hot pakoras;
Made by mommy dear,
With spicy sauce and coffee,
Made vision of heaven clear.

Watching the raindrops move by;
One after the other in clothesline,
Some moving to the very end,
Some falling before their time.

But every drop did twinkle;
Catching a ray of light,
Every drop had its shine,
Before the final flight.

Pitter- patter of raindrops;
Falling on the window sill,
That made me happy as a child,
Fills me with happiness still.

The purging effects of rain on every element of the Earth
                                Sumita Tah
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ADJECTIVES

Adjectives are describing words. It is a red book.

Definition: An adjective is a word which qualifies a noun and adds something to its meaning by acting as a pre modifier or post modifier. (Adjective means added to.)

E.g. It is a red book.

The book is red.

 Types of adjectives:

1) Adjectives of Qualityshows the kind or quality of a person or thing. E.g.   red, big, heavy, tall.

2) Adjectives of Quantityshows how much of a thing is meant.  some, much, enough, all.

3) Adjectives of Number: shows how many persons or things are meant.  eight, many, all, first.

a) Definite numeral adjectives: i)Cardinals: one, two three.

                                                       ii) Ordinals: first, second, third.

b) Indefinite numeral adjectives: E.g.  some, all, few, many, several.

c) Distributive numeral adjectives: E.g. each, every, either, neither. 

Demonstrative adjectives: E.g. This, That, These, Those, Such.

Interrogative Adjectives: E.g. Which, What, whose (followed by noun)

Possessive Adjectives:  E.g. my, your, her, his.

Emphasizing adjectives: E.g. own, very.

ORDER OF ADJECTIVES BEFORE NOUN.

Three football players.

Common Rules:

i)Number is usually placed before other adjectives. E.g. Eleven cricket players. Third highest mountain.

ii) Adjectives denoting size, length, height comes first.  E.g. A square glass table.  A big blue house.

iii) Adjectives denoting judgments and attitudes comes first. E.g. A wise, handsome, young man.

iv) We place colour, origin, material, purpose before noun. E.g. A white, Chinese, porcelain, Ming vase.

v) Commas are placed between sequences of similar adjectives. Often before the last adjective and is used. E.g. She is a tall, fair, and beautiful girl.

Some adjectives can act as noun and are used with ‘The

The rich, The poor etc.

Form: Adjectives can be simple or derivative. Derivative adjectives can be formed by adding adjective suffixes like, -ible, -able, -ful, -ic, -ish, ive, -ous, -y etc.

Most common adjectives have three forms in three degrees:

   POSITIVE               |                                  COMPARATIVE              |                      SUPERLATIVE

   Good                                                            better                                                   best

    Bad                                                             worse                                                   worst

    Tall                                                              taller                                                     tallest

    Pretty                                                         prettier                                                 prettiest     

    Intelligent                                                  more intelligent                                  most intelligent

    Common                                                    commoner                                           commonest        

    Silly                                                             sillier                                                     silliest              

    Grey                                                            greyer                                                   greyest

   Well known                    better known/more well known                   best known/most well known

SENTENCES with DEGREE ADJECTIVES

POSITIVE DEGREE

Positive degree of adjectives simply tells us about the quality of a person or thing.

E.g. Ron is tall.

 If his friend Mark is also of the same height and there is no comparison, we may say:

Ron is as tall as Mark.  In positive degree we use ‘   as _____ as,’ to show similarity in quality.

COMPARATIVE DEGREE

Comparative degree compares the quality between two things or people.

E.g. Ron is taller than Anna.

Comparative degree denotes a higher degree of quality than the positive. Usually ‘er’, ‘more’ along with ‘than’ is used in comparison.

SUPERLATIVE DEGREE

Hannah is the tallest among the friends; she is also the most beautiful.

Superlative degree denotes the highest of the quality and is used when more than two things are compared. Usually ‘est’,’most’ along with ‘the’ is used in superlative sentences.

This is the tallest building in this area.

Grateful — The Travellothoner


The Travellothoner
( reblogged )

Grateful

May 20, 2019

To the girl who thinks she’s not good enough,

To the girl who thinks she’s not as strong,

To the girl who thinks this hurdle she cannot get past,

To the girl who cannot stand up to point out you’re wrong.

To you pretty ladies I’ve only got one thing to say,

You are wonderful the way you are, in your own beautiful way!

From the lady responsible for my existence today,

To the lady who held my hand when I went astray.

From the one who taught me to read and write,

To the one who loves to kiss me goodnight.

I am surrounded by y’all like a bee around a flower,

Walking around in ignorance, unaware of your power.

Its an open untalked secret this circle of life,

From the days I needed my mother to seeking refuge in my wife.

Y’all run this world and make it a better place,

I hope one day I can repay you for every sacrifice and tear behind that face.

Until then I say “Thank You” and admire the graceful,

For your mere existence I am forever grateful.

The Travellothoner

Eliminating Worldwide Illiteracy with Electronic Tablets but Without School Teachers?

janresseger

This blog will take a one-week early summer break and come back in June on a new, three-day, Monday-Wednesday-Friday summer schedule.  Look for a new post on Monday, June 3.

Diane Ravitch made the announcement yesterday morning on her blog:  A U.S. philanthropy has awarded $10 million in prize money to two companies—Kitkit School and Onebillion—for developing and testing out in Tanzania an electronic tablet program for teacherless education.  “You knew this was coming, didn’t you?” writes Ravitch.

First it was Bridge International Academies, the for-profit, international private school venture underwritten by Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg and other philanthropists and operating in Kenya, Liberia, Uganda and India. At Bridge Academies, students must pay tuition, teachers in the schools must continually recruit new students, and teachers must present scripted curricula delivered to them electronically from a central site.  Critics have pointed out that by employing less educated teachers who merely…

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VERBS

A verb is a word that says , what a person is, has or does.

  • Sophie plays tennis. (doing)
  • Monica is an intelligent girl.(being)
  • Mr Wayne has a car.(possessing)

Verb is the heart of a sentence. A sentence almost always has a verb( Except in nominal sentences like” What a lovely picture!”). A sentence can be of a single word, but that word has to be a verb. Eg. Sit . Speak. Stand , Run.

All these words make complete sense and are one word sentences containing verbs.

Most of the verbs are doing verbs.

‘Be’ and its forms suggests being.

‘Have’ and its forms suggests having.

Verbs may be divided into various categories. Let us first look at the two basic types of verbs.  The main verb, and the helping verb or the auxiliaries.

   MAIN VERBS     and    AUXILIARIES

MAIN VERBS:

Main verbs are open class verbs which can be used as full verbs.

There are 5 Main Verb forms:

  •        V1(Present tense)        eat
  •        V2(Past tense)       ate
  •        V3(Past participle)   eaten
  •       V4(Present Participle) eating   
  •      V5(Singular) eats

Main verbs may be divided into Regular and Irregular verbs.

REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS

Weak and strong verbs.

REGULAR VERBS

All the above verbs end with ‘ed’, ‘d’ or ‘t’ in the past tense which was changed from the present tense with or without any change of the side vowel. These verbs are called regular verbs or weak verbs.

Eg; play , played , played , playing , plays

spend , spent , spent , spending , spends

IRREGULAR VERBS

If a verb does not require the addition of ed, d or t  to form the past tense ,it is a strong verb. The verbs given below are examples of strong verbs which are also called irregular verbs.

Eg: go , went , gone , going , goes

sing , sang , sung , singing , sings

These main verbs denote the main action in a sentence.

 AUXILIARIES

Helping verbs are also called auxiliaries. They are of two types primary auxiliaries and modals.

                                          PRIMARY AUXILIARIES                                                                        

  PRESENT PAST FUTURE
BE is/am/are was/were will be/ shall be
HAVE has /have had willhave/shallhave
DO do/ does did Will do/ shall do


The primary auxiliaries are helping verbs that can form sentences without the help of main verb. Eg. Kiran is intelligent. In this sentence ‘is’ acts like a main verb in order to form a sentence.  In the sentence, ‘ I will paint a picture.’Paint is the main verb, and ‘will‘ is the auxiliary.

MODALS

Shall/should
Can/could
Will/would
May/might
Must/dare/need
Ought to/used to

TRANSITIVE  AND INTRANSITIVE  VERBS

Verbs can also be divided into:

i) Transitive verb

ii)  Intransitive verb.

i) TRANSITIVE VERB:

A transitive verb is a word that denotes an action which passes from the subject to the object: These verbs cannot complete their meaning without object and can be used in active as well as passive voice.

Eg:i) Nike flew a kite.

       ii)Rosy recited a poem.

In the first example the action is transferred to the kite , whereas, in the second example the action is transferred to the poem. The words ‘flew’ and ‘ recited’ are transitive verbs.

ii) INTRANSITIVE VERB

An Intransitive verb is a verb which can complete its meaning  without an object. These verbs are used in active voice only and may take a complement.

i)Mary laughed.

ii)The garden looks beautiful.

iii)John is sad.

iv)The minister looked angry.

In the last three examples  the words ‘beautiful’,  ‘sad’, and ‘angry’ help to complete the predicate and are called ‘COMPLEMENT’.

FINITE AND NON FINITE VERBS.

I) FINITE VERB: A Finite verb has present and  past forms and changes with tense, person and number of the subject. It forms an essential part of the sentence.

She writes emails.      ( Present tense)             She wrote emails.    (Past tense)

They write  emails.     (Present tense)              They wrote emails.   (Past tense)

II) NON FINITE VERBS:

Non finite verbs are of two types.

1)     INFINITIVE                                               2)   PARTICIPLES

1) INFINITIVE  VERBS: They  remain unchanged in tenses and is preceded by marker ‘to’.

Eg: She likes to draw landscapes.     ( Present tense)   likes-> finite verb,  ‘to draw’-> infinitive verb, does not change with tense or subject.

 Eg: She liked to draw landscapes. (Past tense)  liked-> finite verb, (changes with tense)  ‘to draw’ -> infinitive verb, (does not change)

2) PARTICIPLE : Participles are non finite verbs , and are of two types.

a) PRESENT PARTICIPLE     b) PAST PARTICIPLE

a)Present participles are made by adding ‘ing’ to the main verb.

Eg; playing, writing, running, driving, painting, flowing.

b)Past participles are made by ‘-d’ or ‘-ed’ to regular verbs and by the third form of irregular verbs.

Eg: played, written, run, driven, painted, flowed.

GERUND  / VERBAL NOUN

A gerund is that form of verb which ends in ‘-ing’ and has the force of a noun and a verb.

Eg: I love shopping.    In this sentence love is the main verb and shopping  stands for something hence is used as a verb.

      Seeing  is believing.    I like writing poetry.     Stop writing,    He is fond of playing  football.

GLOSSARY of VERBS

MAIN VERB :  Main verbs are open class verbs which can be used as full verbs.  There are 5 Main Verb forms:

AUXILIARY VERB:  Helping verbs are also called auxiliaries. They are of two types primary auxiliaries and modals. Primary             auxiliaries can be used as a full verb , while modals accompany main verbs.

CATENATIVE VERB : A chain like structure formed by main verbs when used one after another. Eg: She got hurt. She keeps singing.

CAUSATIVE VERB: A verb that causes something to happen. Eg He had them delivered. She makes me laugh.

COPULA (R) VERB: A verb that joins a subject to its complement.

ERGATIVE VERB : These verbs are used transitively and intransitively with different kinds of subjects. Eg: She opened the door.  The door opened.

EVENT VERB:  Event verbs denote actions. Eg, come , go, play,  run, do, drink.

FINITE VERB: A finite verb changes with tense, number, person of the subject and forms an essential part of the sentence.

INTRANSITIVE VERB : Intransitive verbs are verbs which can complete their meaning  without an object. These are used in active voice only and may take a complement.

IRREGULAR VERBS: If a verb does not require the addition of ed, d or t  to form the past tense ,it is a strong verb, which are also called irregular verbs. Eg: eaten, driven, spoken.

MAIN VERB : Main verbs are base verbs which are used as full verbs .

MODALS : Modals are auxiliary verbs which are used along with main verbs to form a sentence.

PERFORMATIVE VERB : Verbs like ‘request’, ‘forbid’, ‘inform’ , ‘promise’, ‘apologize’, ‘thank’  that clearly state the kind of act being performed are called performative verb. It usually begins with ‘I’.

PHRASAL VERB: A type of verb which works like a phrase is called a phrasal verb. Eg: go up, come down, put down.

QUASI-PASSIVE VERB : These verbs are active in form but passive in sense. Eg: Wheat sells cheap.- Wheat is sold cheap.

Honey tastes sweet.- Honey is sweet when tasted.

REGULAR VERB : All the above verbs end with ‘ed’, ‘d’ or ‘t’ in the past tense which was changed from the present tense with or without any change of the side vowel. These verbs are called regular verbs or weak verbs.

TRANSITIVE VERB :  A transitive verb is a word that denotes an action which passes from the subject to the object: These verbs cannot complete their meaning without object and can be used in active as well as passive voice.

The girl kicked the ball.

The World is Beautiful Yet

Every atom is God’s masterpiece

A bright sunny day,
Calling out to all.
Come out and see the beauty;
Don’t stay inside the walls.

Open up your minds,
To the beauties of the world.
Look at the amazing creations ,
Before they are sold.

Trees chopped down .
For the most wondrous roads.
A ride towards disasters;
But the road is smooth and broad.

The lanes are numerous…
So multitudes can travel.
Accelerate fast as they can,
A parched future to unravel.

A future without purity ,
If nature’s polluted; nothing’s pure,
Polluted land,water, air,
Breeding ground for Earth’s sores.

The all powerful human kind,
Proud of killing various species.
Will find themselves helpless,
Breathless, gasping for air.

The price of excessive greed;
They have to pay with huge interests,
With the same money they had earned,
Selling things that were free.

So, while we have the time;
Let’s go out and find the beauty.
Of a world that is God’s masterpiece,
Every stroke, a mark of genius.

While development reaches out,
It’s monstrous hands and spoils;
The canvas with its dirty, grimy hands,
Specks of red, sprinkled throughout.

Let us keep mementos, in forms of art,
Of the great masterpiece that once was,
In our shiny drawing rooms in skyrises,
That will soon become a prison.

At first people will strive to survive,
Within the decorated walls.
Oxygen masks as lifelines attached,
Without which life is impossible.

The piled up garbage of the multitudes
Choking every life.
Killing those without masks.
No animals…no plants…no food.

Then people will dread, development,
Flee the choking cities.
And live like animals far away,
From the putrid cities, hubs of death.

Form nature to nature,
It will form a full cycle.
The ego, pride… results of ignorance,
Will end up, a heap of dust.

No Work is Mean

Appreciate other’s work. In order to earn respect, you must first give it.
Sumita Tah

Work is worship. Lord Krishna in ‘Bhagvad Gita’ says, the purpose of life is ‘Karma’ or work. There is no greater worship than work. Lord Krishna says, “Do your work well, do not look for results.” As you do the work ,so will the results follow in its own course. It is expectations, which is the prime cause of grief. We are born to work- work for the betterment of mankind, and the world as a whole.

 Work is work, and should not be discriminated upon. Every type of work is essential for our existence. Work should not be categorized as high or low. This type of categorization is existent in the under-developed and developing countries , where population is high and manual labour is cheap. In developed countries manual labour is held high regard and is well paid. This is also the prime cause of immigration from underdeveloped countries to the developed ones.

It is really strange that people seem to look down upon some of the essential work as mean. Cleaning, serving others, doing household chores are looked down as menial work. Nobody is eager to do them. The truth is without these basic work, our lives would be miserable. Therefore, we must change our mindset and understand that no work is mean, and deserves equal respect.

 We must do each and every work to the best of our capabilities and success is sure to follow. The secret of success is doing every work to perfection, irrespective of what we are doing. We must try to do the work so well that no one will be able to do it in a better manner. Every being must understand the dignity of labour, and make the world a better place to live in.

Pronouns

A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun.It is a replacing word.

Eg: I, we, you,they, he,she,it.

TYPES OF PRONOUNS

  • Personal pronoun
  • Demonstrative pronoun
  • Reflexive pronoun
  • Emphasizing or emphatic pronoun
  • Indefinite pronoun
  • Distributive pronoun
  • Relative pronoun

Personal pronouns:

Personal pronouns stand for three presons:

1st person – the person speaking ; I,we. 2nd person – person spoken to; you. 3rd person – the spoken of; He, she, it.

Different forms of personal pronoun:

NOMINATIVE : singular / plural 1st person – I / we 2nd person – you / you 3rd person – he,she,it / they

POSSESSIVE: singular / plural 1st person- my, mine / our,ours 2nd person- your / your 3rd person- his,her,hers,its / their,theirs

ACCUSATIVE singular / plural 1st person- me/ us 2nd person- you / you 3rd person- him,her/ them

Impersonal pronouns: It rains , or it snows. Here ‘it’ stands for rain or snow. It rains , means the rain(n) rains (v).

It is proper to use: My sister and I. You and he , instead of the other way round .

Demonstrative pronouns

These are Mick’s colour pencils.

This , that, these ,those are Demonstrative pronouns as theyou take the place of a noun.

Eg: This is the Governor’s chair. That is a beautiful painting. Those are his test papers. These are Mick’s colour pencils. In these examples we find that the demonstratIves stand for the nouns mentioned in the sentence , hence they are replacing words or pronouns.

The demonstratives-this, that,these,those may also be used as adjectives. In case of Demonstrative adjectives , the demonstratives will qualify or describe the noun and not stand for it.

Eg. This car is mine. Those hills are beautiful. That house belongs to my friend. These pencils are broken.

Here we observe that the demonstrative adjectives are usually placed just before the noun and tell us something about the noun.

Reflexive and emphatic pronoun: myself, himself ,herself , yourself, yourselves , ourselves, themselves are reflexive our emphatic pronouns , depending on their usage.

Reflexive pronouns: In reflexive pronouns the doer of the action also becomes the receiver of the action. ie. The action is reflected back. The dog hid itself. They enjoyed themselves in the party. He hurt himself while playing. I saw myself in the mirror. In the above examples the doer is also the receiver of the action.

Emphatic or emphasising pronoun. In this case the emphatic pronouns are used for the sake of emphasis .

Eg: I myself saw him stealing the letter. He went to the management himself. She herself painted the wall. We set ourselves a difficult task. In the given examples the pronouns , myself, himself, herself, ourselves could have been avoided, but have been used for the sake of emphasis.

Indefinite pronouns : The pronouns which do not refer to any particular person or thing are called indefinite pronouns.

Eg; any, some, few, one, anybody, everybody, anyone, someone. Most of these words maybe used as adjective. Any student can solve this. Some water was drunk. If anyone wants this, let him come forth. Everybody thinks their burden is the heaviest.

Distributive pronouns. Distributive pronouns refer to persons or things one at a time. Therefore , they are always singular and followed by a singular verb. Eg: each, either , neither. At either end stood a policeman. Each of the boys received a gift. Neither of the answer is true .

Relative pronoun Relative pronoun is a pronoun which refers or relates to a noun mentioned before.(antecedent) I have found the book which I had lost. He is the man whom all praise. Blessed is he who has found his work. This is the house that Jack built.

Interrogative pronouns Pronouns used for asking questions are called interrogative pronouns. Eg: What is that? Whom do you want? Which is the house? Who is there? Who is used for persons only. Which is used for both persons and things. What is used for things only. in case of the sentence , What are you? …. I am a doctor. What stands for the profession doctor.

Time management.

Time management is crucial for success , especially so for the present day students aspiring to get into premier institutions .

Time and tide waits for none.

Time is same for everyone , everywhere and in any phase of history. It is known to everyone that time once lost is lost forever. It is the costliest thing that God has given for free. Achievers have achieved their success because they have been able to make optimum use of this vital free resource. The correct use of time creates miracles in ones life.

Techniques for time management :

  • Wake up early.
  • Plan your daily routine.
  • Set small achievable goals.
  • Stick to target and complete it.
  • Keep time for exercise and relaxation.
  • Compete with yourself.
  • Do not procrastinate.
  • Avoid distractions.
  • Take a break after every 30 mins.
  • Sleep well .
  • Do not let work pile up.
  • Meditate to stay focused.
  • Do not get stressed.
Plan and keep reminders.

Time management becomes easier when bigger overwhelming tasks, which tend to be procrastinated, are broken down into achievable goals. These goals need to be planned out and completed in time. For every goal reached you may reward yourself.

Reminders help in reducing undue stress , and help in achieving goals effectively . Delegating work also helps in getting more free time, which can be effectively used for purposeful work. Getting sufficient sleep helps in memory retention and boosts work efficiency.

Use these time management techniques and achieve goals with grit and determination. For its rightly said ,

“Winners give results, losers give excuses.”

Nouns

Types of nouns

There are 5 types of nouns-

  • Proper Nouns
  • Common Nouns
  • Abstract Nouns
  • Collective Nouns
  • Material Nouns

Proper Nouns

A proper noun or special name is a noun which represents a unique thing (such as Paris, Saturn, Brian, or Sony), as opposed to a common noun, which represents a class of things (for example, city, planet, person or factory).

Saturn

Common Nouns

common noun is a noun representing a person, place, or thing in a class or group. Unlike proper nouns, a common noun is not written in capital letters unless it either begins a sentence or appears in a title. Common nouns can be concrete (perceptible to the senses), abstract (involving general ideas or qualities), or collective (referring to a group or collection).

Examples: boys; city: rivers; animal.

Girls

Abstract Nouns

Abstract nouns are words which name things that are not concrete. Your five physical senses cannot detect an abstract noun – you can’t see it, smell it, taste it, hear it, or touch it. In essence, an abstract noun is a quality, a concept, an idea, or maybe even an event.

Examples : happiness, grief , marriage, length, pain.

.

Happiness

Collective Nouns

collective noun is a noun that describes a group of things.

Examples are:

  • A bevy of girls
  • A school of fish.
  • A bunch of keys.
  • A parliament of owls.
A school of fish.

Material Nouns

Material Noun is the name of a material or a substance or an ingredient of an alloy. 

Examples :

  • Diamond
  • Iron
  • Wood
  • Gold
A diamond