Why Writers Procrastinate

Lorraine Ambers

Hello, fellow creatives!

Ah, procrastination! Ever find yourself filing a tax return when you’re supposed to be fleshing out a character? Or maybe, clearing out the airing cupboard instead of starting the first round of edits? Yes, we’ve all been there. Suddenly, gardening is far more appealing than plodding along with a draft once you hit the middle of a project. Procrastination can be a slipper slope to us mere creatives.

Unfortunately, there is only one universal truth to writing and that is to sit down and get it done. And that’s all right in principle, but let’s slow things down, and take a look at why we procrastinate in the first place.

Ever wondered if there are certain individuals who are so driven and so focused, that they never let such forces come into play. Well, I’ve yet to find one person, let alone an artist, who hasn’t avoided…

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A Birdie Song

Photo by Joyston Judah

Knock, knock, knock on my window pane,
I wondered who could it be.
I opened my eyes to see a bird, from a nearby tree.
She knocked the pane as if to ask,
‘My dear, how do you do?’
She was pretty with a little turf and wings green and blue.
I told her I was fine and, asked how was she;
With rolling eyes and chirping sound,
She told something to me.
I understood that she meant good,
And wished her a happy day.
She flew away with her vibrant wings,
But left me feeling gay.
The little things that come across each moment of our lives,
Are priceless gifts as memories that helps us to thrive.

NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Vistas English Should Wizard Hit Mommy? — NCERT SOLUTIONS

December 20, 2021 by Suman NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Vistas English Should Wizard Hit Mommy? QUESTIONS FROM TEXTBOOK SOLVED READ AND FIND OUTQ1.Who is Jo? How does she respond to her father’s story-telling?Ans. Jo is the shortened form of Joanne. She is the four year old daughter of Jack and Clare. For the last two years, her […]

NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Vistas English Should Wizard Hit Mommy? — NCERT SOLUTIONS

Surviving the Storms of Life

Photo by Lachlan Ross

When storms of life growls and roars,
Blasting with all its might ;
Just bend a bit and let it raze,
Things with its thunder and light.

When it creates a havoc around,
With its fearsome thunderous sound;
The rigid ones it uproots first,
While the relaxed stick to the ground.

So let the dark times run its course,
And wait for the sun to rise;
Meanwhile build up your strength,
To take everyone by surprise.

For victory always garlands those,
 Who consistently strive;
Success loves the diligent and,
Accords the clever and wise.

 INVITATIONS AND REPLIES

 CBSE CLASS -12                

An invitation is a written or spoken request for inviting guests for attending some occasion or event like weddings, birthdays, inaugurations, annual functions, sports events etc.

Invitations are basically of two types: 1) Formal     and    2) Informal

Formal invitations may further be divided into i) Printed cards   and    ii) Formal letter of invitation.

  1. FORMAL INVITATION – two types
    • i)PRINTED CARDS – These written requests are generally designed and printed on invitation cards. and are for bulk invitations to relatives, neighbours, colleagues, guardians on social occasions. The name of invitee is not written on the card
    • ii)FORMAL LETTER OF INVITATION – e.g. To chief guest, judge for competition,
  2. INFORMAL LETTER OF INVITATION – for inviting few people like friends and relatives for small informal gatherings on private occasions. (e.g. small birthday party or celebration). Informal invitations are written in the format of informal letter.

                                                       (Word limit – 50 words)

VALUE POINT FOR INVITATION :

Format       –      1mark

Content      –     1mark

Expression –     1 mark

Total           –      3 marks

                                                                      FORMAL INVITATION

TIPS FOR WRITING FORMAL INVITATION

  1. Must be enclosed in a box
  2. It is a single sentence presentation
  3. In line commas are allowed
  4. End line punctuations are skipped
  5. Answer the five W’s
    • WHO – is the host?
    • WHAT – is the occasion?
    • WHOM – for whom is the occasion?
    • WHEN – is the date, time?
    • WHERE – is it being held?
  6. Be brief and stick to the word limit (50 words)
  7. Write the invitation in 3rd  person
  8. It has to be polite and courteous
  9. Month to be written in words (1st January,20XX)
  10. Write in simple present tense          
  11.  No signatures are required
  12.  Name of VIP is included in VIP invitations
  13.  Name of invitee not written in invitation but on the envelope

Format of formal invitation

  • NAME OF THE HOST ISSUING THE INVITATION
  • Standard expression for invitation

(…. Cordially invite(s) , request the pleasure of your company, solicit your benign/gracious presence)

  • Purpose of occasion (reason  for invitation)
  • Name of honouree (people for whom the event is organized like marriage/ birthday)
  • Day, Date and time of the event
  • Venue of the event (complete address)
  • In case of VIP, name of chief guest /VIP
  • R.S.V.P  (Respondez S’il Vous Plait –i.e. respond if it pleases you)
  • Telephone or mobile number of the host
  • Address of the host
  • Special note if any. (e.g. Keep phone on silent mode / Please be seated by …)

EXAMPLES OF STANDARD EXPRESSIONS

cordially request the pleasure of your company

solicit the your gracious presence

request your benign presence

invite you to join

cordially invite you to

request the pleasure of your company

seek the pleasure of your company/ presence

cordially request the honour of your presence

FORMAT OF FORMAL INVITATION / PRINTED CARD

Each of the following is written in a separate line

1)  Name of host /hosts           
2) Formal phrase of invitation/ standard expression      
3)  Purpose  / Reason of invitation (wedding, birthday, inauguration, annual function)       
4)  Name of honouree (birthday person, groom, bride)      
5)   Day / date /time of  function or event       
6) Venue with complete address       
7) Complimentary close       
8) RSVP (Respond if it pleases you)       
9) Address of host       
10) Contact number  

FORMAL INVITATION

PRINTED CARD

Printed card invitations are written in simple present tense.  (no punctuations)

(Date of issuing invitations are not written)

Q. You are a student of Delhi Public School, Asansol. Design an invitation for its 20th Foundation Day. The Chief Justice, Asansol High Court is invited as the Chief Guest.

           The Principal, Staff and Students                                                  
  Of                           
  DELHI PUBLIC SCHOOL, ASANSOL        
Request the pleasure of your company on the occasion of its                          
30TH FOUNDATION DAY       
to be held on                      
Wednesday, 10th December, 20XX from 7:00 pm                           
at Aurobindo Auditorium, DPS, Asansol       
The auspicious occasion will be graced by the benign presence of                     
             Chief Guest    
   Hon’ble Mr. Justice XYZ , Asansol High Court                        
                                                        With best wishes                                                                                    DPS, Asansol family                                                                                Ph. No. – xxxxxxxxxxx     
R.S.V.P  
 Principal  
 D.P.S Asansol                                   
  (Kindly be seated by 6:30 pm.)  

Informal invitation

Q2. You are a member of organizing committee of sacred Heart Convent, Chandigarh. The school is organizing its annual function and the Education Minister of the state is going to be the Chief Guest. Design an invitation card to be sent to the invitees.

                                         SACRED HEART CONVENT, CHANDIGARH          
   Cordially invites you to its                                                    
ANNUAL FUNCTION                 
To be held on                                 
  Saturday, 20th  July, 20XX from 7:00 p.m.                                            
        In the school Auditorium           
The event will be graced by                                                             
 Hon’ble Mr. XYZ                                                          
(Education Minister)                                                                                                With best wishes                                                                                               Sacred Heart Fraternity                                                                                                 Ph.No. -XXXXXXXXXX       
 R.S.V.P.         
Principal        
 Sacred Heart School      
 Chandigarh           

Q3. Mr. and Mrs. Sharma are organizing the 1st birthday celebration of their daughter Ananya. Design an invitation card for them in not more than 50 words.

                                      Mrs. and Mr. Vivek Sharma           
                 cordially invite  you to the                                
             1 st Birthday Party                       
  Of their  daughter                                              
        ANANYA                         
    On                                 
Saturday, 28th July, 20XX, from 7:00 pm             
                             At Hotel HAPPY FEET, Royal Road, Rourkela                             
                         Your blessings are highly solicited    
  R.S.V.P.                      
  Sharma Family                      
  Ph. No. XXXXXXXXX      

                                             RESPONDING TO INVITATIONS

WRITING REPLIES – FORMAL AND INFORMAL

You have to write down reply to whatever is written in the question.

FORMAL REPLY

Formal replies are formal in tone and treatment. It must be brief, to the point, pleasant, polite and courteous.

TIPS FOR WRITING FORMAL REPLY

  1.  Write in brief
  2. Acknowledge the invitation express gratefulness
  3. Write thanks in third person
  4. Mention acceptance or regret (specify reason for not attending)
  5.  Use polite and formal language
  6. Give ‘Best wishes’ in case of decline
  7. Stick to word limit 50 words if word limit is not given

Q 1. Mr Devkumar Singh had received an invitation from Mr. Vivek Sharma for his daughter’s birthday celebration. Write a reply of his behalf.

Answer:- Accepting

  Mr. Devkumar Singh thanks Mr. Vivek Sharma for the kind invitation for his daughter’s birthday celebration. He is delighted to accept the invitation and confirms his presence.  

Answer: – Declining

  Mr. Devkumar Singh thanks Mr. Vivek Sharma for the kind invitation for his daughter’s birthday celebration, but regrets his inability to accept the same due to a prior engagement. However, he extends blessings for the little girl.

        INFORMAL REPLY

        Informal replies should be informal in tone and may include personal feelings in intimate style.

 TIPS FOR WRITING INFORMAL REPLY

  1. Write in brief
  2. Acknowledge the invitation express gratefulness
  3. Write thanks in first person
  4. Use second person to address the sender
  5. Mention acceptance or regret (specify reason for not attending)
  6.  Use friendly and informal language
  7. Give ‘Best wishes’ in case of decline
  8. Stick to word limit 50 words if word limit is not given

 INFORMAL REPLIES – DECLINING

10. Park Avenue

Kolkata -4

 20th December, 20XX

 Dear Hardik

 I am happy to receive your invitation for your Christmas Party on 25th December. 20XX at 7:00 pm. I regret to inform you that I would not be to join the celebrations due to some prior engagements. Merry Christmas and best wishes for you and your family.

Yours affectionately

Vivek   

INFORMAL REPLY- ACCEPTING

10. Park Avenue

Kolkata -4

 20th December, 20XX

 Dear Hardik

 I am happy to receive your invitation for your Christmas Party on 25th December. 20XX at 7:00 pm. I am glad to inform you that I would be delighted to join the party at the specified time. Looking forward towards an enjoyable evening with old friends.

Yours affectionately

Vivek   

Q1. You are Sujaya Hajra of A.G Church School, Raipur. You have been invited by the principal of St. Vincent School, Raipur to act as one of the judges at a debate Contest to be held on 10th  February, 20XX. But you are unable to accept this invitation due to a previous engagement. Write an informal reply to the Principal expressing your inability to accept the invitation.

Refusal

Hindustan Park

Raipur

5th February, 20XX

Madam

I really feel a great honour on being invited to act one of the judges at a

debate contest to be held on 10th  February, 20XX in your school. I am sorry to inform that I am unable to accept this invitation due to my previous engagement. I send my good wishes for the success of the Contest.

Yours truly

Sujaya Hajra

Q2 . You are Sujaya Hajra of A.G Church School, Raipur. You have been invited by the principal of St. Vincent School, Raipur to act as one of the judges at a debate Contest to be held on 10th  February, 20XX. But you are unable to accept this invitation due to a previous engagement. Write an informal reply to the Principal accepting the invitation.

Acceptance

Hindustan Park

Raipur

5th February, 20XX

Madam

I really feel a great honour on being invited to act one of the judges at a

debate contest to be held on 10th February,20XX in your school. I confirm my

presence at the programme and send my good wishes for its success.

Yours truly

Sujaya Hajra

                               FORMAL LETTER OF INVITATION

FORMAT – FORMAL INVITATION LETTER

Sender’s Address

Date (of writing the invitation)

Receiver’s address

Subject

Salutation

Body of letter

Complimentary close

Name

_________________________________________________________________

EXAMPLE OF FORMAL LETTER OF INVITATION

Q. St. Vincent School, Ranchi is organizing an Inter–School Debate Competition at the city level. Write a letter to Mr. Krishna Kumar, HOD English, Ranchi University, inviting him to be the judge for this competition. You are Samar/ Samita, Secretary of Literary Club of your school.

St. Patrick’s School

 Asansol

18th December, 20XX

Mr. Sukumar Sen

Head of English Department

Burdwan University

Subject: Invitation to judge the debate competition.

Sir

The Literary Club of our School is organizing ‘City Level Inter-School Debate Competition’ on

 5th January, 20XX from 11 am in our school auditorium. The topic of the debate is “Technology does more harm than good”.

We extend a cordial invitation to you to be the judge for this competition and motivate the participants with your guidance.

We look forward to your kind consent. Please reply at your earliest convenience.

Yours sincerely

Samita

Secretary, Literary Club

REPLY TO INVITATION 

Q.3.  Write a reply on behalf of Mr. Sukumar Sen.

Ans.  ACCEPTING

Department of English

Burdwan University

20th December, 20XX

Secretary

Literary Club

St. Patricks School, Asansol

Subject: Reply to invitation

Madam

I am glad to have received your invitation to judge the City Level Inter-House Debate Competition. It will be my pleasure to be a part of this prestigious event, where I’ll get an opportunity to interact with the young minds. I confirm my presence for the event. Looking forward to the eventful day.

Yours sincerely

Sukumar Sen

Ans.  DECLINING

Department of English

Burdwan University

20th December, 20XX

Secretary

Literary Club

St. Patricks School, Asansol

Subject: Reply to invitation

Madam

I am glad to have received your invitation to judge the City Level Inter-House Debate Competition. I express my thanks for this invitation, but regret my inability to attend the event due to some prior engagement.

I convey my best wishes for the success of the programme.

Yours sincerely

Sukumar Sen

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

                          INFORMAL LETTER OF INVITATION

Format of INFORMAL INVITATION LETTER

Sender’s Address

Date (of writing the invitation)

Salutation

Body of letter- Name of Event

Complimentary close

Subscription

Writer’s name,

Contact no.

____________________________________________________________________________

Tone of informal invitation is friendly and informal, you may change tenses if required.

Q. Rohit has got success in NEET 20XX. He wants to celebrate his admission to Shivaji Medical College, Nagpur, by throwing a party for his friends. Write an informal invitation, giving details of date, time and venue. Do not exceed 50 words.

Answer.

 House no. – 70

Krishnavihar Colony

Raigarh

20th January, 20XX

Dear Friend

You will be glad to learn that I have secured 124th Rank in NEET 20XX and have got admission in Shivaji Medical College, Nagpur. I want to share my happiness and celebrate this success with my old friends on 28th January. 20XX from 7:00 pm at Hotel Sunrise, Station Road, Raigarh.

Please join the celebration and e a part of my happiness.

Yours

Rohit

REPLY TO INFORMAL INVITATION

Q. You are Sambhav. Write an informal reply to Rohits’s invitation.

ACCEPTING

4/D Shivajinagar

Raigarh

22nd January. 20XX

Dear Rohit

I am delighted to know of your success in NEET and congratulate you for achieving such an excellent rank. It would be my pleasure to join you in your celebrations. Looking forward to seeing you, and our old friends soon.

Yours

Sambhav

DECLINING

4/D Shivajinagar

Raigarh

22nd January. 20XX

Dear Rohit

I am delighted to know of your success in NEET and congratulate you for achieving such an excellent rank. I am regret to inform you that I would not be able to join you in your celebration due to some prior engagement. Wishing you all the best for your future.

Yours

Sambhav

QUESTION BANK

Q1. Your school is hosting CBSE inter-school Basketball Championship for the East Zone. Send an invitation to Mrs. Deepika Kumari , National Level Archer , to be the Chief Guest for its closing ceremony.

Q2. You are Arjun / Anshuma.  St. Vincient School, Rupar has been invited to participate in an inter-school painting competition organized by the Cultural Club of your city. As the General Secretary of the Painting Club of your school, respond to the invitation.

(letter format)

RACER Strategy for Writing Paragraphs — English Literature and Grammar

RACER  strategy helps in writing the perfect paragraph for your response. This strategy is used when a text is followed with an open ended question. Photo by Negative Space on Pexels.com This  strategy helps you to write your response correctly using  5 steps- R – Reword the question A – Answer the question completely […]

RACER Strategy for Writing Paragraphs — English Literature and Grammar

 REPORT WRITING

                                                            

 Reports – A report is a form of writing that presents information in an organised manner for a specific audience and purpose. It concisely presents facts and findings of an event that one has heard, investigated, or observed. Reports are written in specific formats.

 Types of Reports

 There are two types of reports: 

  1. Newspaper
  2. Magazine

In CBSE class 12 ‘Report writing’ comes as a long answer type question in Section B of the question paper and carries – 05 marks in the writing section. 

Prescribed word limit –120 – 150 words.

 CBSE Report writing- Marking scheme:

Format – 1M

Content – 2M

Expression – 2M

Tips for Report writing:

  1. Should be brief and follow specifications and format
  2. Should be well structured, logical and coherent
  3. Should be presented in a consistent orderly manner
  4. Information should be analysed and presented with facts if required
  5. Should be free of grammatical, spelling and lexical errors
  6. Conclusion should round up the matter without leaving any loose threads.

  FORMAT OF REPORT

Newspaper Report

  1. Headline- A descriptive title that expresses the contents.
  2. By line- Reporter’s name along with the designation.(generally provided; no personal details)
  3. Place and date of reporting- New Delhi; 22nd March.20XX:
  4. Introduction- Brief overview of the report including the expansion of headline.
  5. Body- It is generally written in two parts: First, complete account of what happened in its chronological sequence (preferably) What , When, Where, How (eg- Reason in case of accidents / Proceedings I case of events) and second -Reaction of people and authorities (messages from guests) ,Eyewitness account
  6. Conclusion- This will include the action that has been taken so far or that will be taken, Compensation and inquiry (for accidents). It is the last paragraph.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________

Newspaper report- ones which are published in newspapers.

                                                                 Headline

                                                                            By- Reporter’s name and designation

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Magazine Report

  1. Heading– A descriptive title
  2. By line- without personal (usually provided in the question).
  3. Introduction – It may include the ‘5 Ws’ namely, WHAT, WHY, WHEN, and WHERE along with WHO was invited as the chief guest.
  4. Body – It is the main paragraph which may be split in two if required. It should describe the event in proper sequence.
  5. Conclusion– This paragraph winds up the event. It may include quote excerpts from the Chief Guest’s speech or other relevant quotes.

        __________________________________________________________________________________________

Magazine reports – these are generally written for school/ college magazines

                                                                 Heading

                                                                              Report by- Reporter’s name

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Difference between Magazine and Newspaper Report

                 NEWSPAPER REPORT                  MAGAZINE REPORT
HeadlineHeading
Byline with designationByline
Date and placeIntroduction
IntroductionDescription of event
Description of the event with views of witnessConclusion
Conclusion

Q 1. You are Mira Bhatt, a PTI (Press Trust of India) correspondent. You got the information about a building collapse in Chennai. Write a report. (150 – 200 words)

Hints: 150 feared dead – 6 storey building collapsed – fire brigade on duty – 50 admitted to hospital – rescue operations still on – many still trapped inside the debris

  150 FEARED DEAD IN CHENNAI BUILDING COLLAPSE

– Mira Bhatt , newspaper correspondent

Chennai; 10th April, 20XX: 150 people are feared dead as a six-storeyed building in Kagaznagar suddenly collapsed yesterday. Heavy downpours during the last few days resulted in the loosening of soil in the area. The building had been under the scanner of the authorities due to faulty construction. Notice for vacating the building had been issued but the building collapsed before it could be vacated due to incessant rain.

The fire brigade arrived immediately within 10 minutes of this accident. The rescue operation started in a hurry but provided timely and responsible help to the victims. In spite of this, 100 dead bodies have been admitted to the nearby government hospital. It is feared that 40 + 45 people might still be trapped inside the debris and the rescue team is constantly working to search for them. The fire- brigade is being assisted by local young volunteers from various non-governmental organisations. The assistance of the army has been sought to find out the people who are buried inside the debris.

The owners of this construction company have been arrested on the charges of negligence of norms during constructed this building have been arrested on the charges of negligence of norms during construction. The state chief minister visited the site and has assured complete justice to the victims.

Q2. Cultural Society of Sunrise Public School Ghaziabad organized an adult literary camp in its neighbourhood. Write a report in 150- 200 words on this campus for the school newsletter. You are Secretary, Amit / Amrita.

           ADULT LITERACY CAMP

                                                                                           Report by Amrita

Keeping in mind the importance of ‘Education for All’, the Cultural Society of Sunshine Public School organised a month-long Adult literacy camp from 1st  November, 20XX to 1st December,20XX in an endeavour to bring the gift of literacy to those who were denied of it in their childhood.

The camp was inaugurated by the state education minister Sri Jagarnath Mahato who appreciated the efforts of the organisers and volunteers.  A total of 30 volunteers, comprising of both teachers and students of classes XI and XII, took the responsibility of making the camp successful. The camp was supervised by the Cultural Society Members. Classes were held within the school premises every day from 5pm to 7pm. About 200 participants enrolled for the Adult Literacy camp. Books, copies and writing equipment were donated by Ajanta Book Store.

The eager learners participated in the learning programme with enthusiasm. They expressed their gratitude to the organisers and said that the learning programme was the best gift that they received. Every participant learnt to sign their names and learnt to read and write which would make their lives easier.   

The event came to an end with the closing ceremony in which the Adult learners presented songs and a skit related to the benefits of literacy. The principal wound up the event with the inspirational quote –‘There is no going back in life, but one can always make a new start for a bright future.’

Q 3. You are cultural Secretary of Cambrian World School, Pune.  Recently there was a felicitation ceremony arranged for the high achievers of the school in different fields. Write a report for your school magazine in 150 – 200 words. You are Hritik / Ritika.

                                  FELICITATION CEREMONY FOR HIGH FLIERS

                                                                                                            Report by Ritika

It was a memorable day for Cambrian World School, Pune. When excellence got rewarded, amidst great applause on 15th May, 20XX. It was the occasion of felicitation ceremony for of achievers of the school in various fields.

The occasion was graced by Mr. XYZ,( Education Minister) as the Chief Guest. It was a fun –filled and entertaining event as preparations had been going on for weeks. The ceremony was made special with a theme-based cultural program. The theme was based on willpower and named ‘Fortitude’. The students who performed with excellence in different fields in the academic year 20XX- ‘XX, were awarded. The achievers were from the field of academics, sports, art, music and dance. Honourable chief guest gave away medals and certificates to each of the achievers. It was a red-letter day for the winners as it gave them confidence to excel in their own fields and aim higher. It also inspired the other students to perform better as they were motivated to be awarded in future. The chief guest, on the occasion congratulated each prize winner and expressed his satisfaction with the manner in which the school was shaping the future of its students in a positive way.  The Principal of the school Mr. ABC, gave the entire credit to the teachers, students and parents, whose determination and hard work resulted in their brilliant performance and success. All the 255 students awarded were the pride of the school and the Principal promised to provide all possible facilities for their future improvement.

A dance drama based on the theme of determination and perseverance was well suited to the day and appreciated by all.   There was contentment and joy in each and every face during the ceremony. The program came to an end with the hope of a brighter future for the students of the school.

Silent God

Photo by Ben Mack

You don’t need speakers…
To show your love for God,
For God is silence, silence God.
You can connect with the Almighty,
Through your thoughts,
Simply proffering your love to God,
Is more than enough.
You can do it inside your mind,
Offering your unconditional love,
Day in day out;
Like the one you have,
For your parents or your child.
You don’t need mikes…
To show your devotion.
For it portrays your devoutness
To your equals, and not the Lord.
For God is silent, our silent God.