Eponyms

Words derived from names of real or fictitious people are called Eponyms. It is formed from the Greek word ‘Eponymos’ , which means ‘giving name’. An Eponymos person or thing is one who/which give their name to someone or something.

WordsMeaningEtymology
AmericaContinent (including North and South America)Amerigo Vespucci, Italian Mapmaker
ampereunit of electrical currentAndre M Ampere (1836),French physicist
Achilles’ heela weakness or vulnerabilityAchilles, a hero of Trojan war in Greek mythology. Only his heel was vulnerable where his mother held him while dipping him in River Styx
Atlasa book of maps Atlas was a Titan who was condemned to hold the sky for eternity
August esteemed and respected Augustus Caesar, first Roman emperor
BrailleWritten language for blind people, represented by raised dotsLouise Braille , French educator who went blind at the age of 3 while playing.
Boycottto refuse to buy, or take part in somethingCaptain Charles C. Boycott , an Irish land agent
bloomera type of female costumeAmelia Bloomer (1894), American feminist
bowdlerizeexpurgate portions of writing/bookThomas Bowdler (1895) Editor
Caesar SaladA rich green saladCaesar Cardini , Restaurateur
Cardiganwoollen garment with buttons or zip in the front7th Earl of Cardigan, whose soldiers wore knitted woollen waistcoats to war
CasanovaWomanizerGiacomo Casanova, Italian adventurer and author
chauvinismexcessive devotion and aggressive beliefNicolas Chauvin (1815) French soldier full of excessive patriotism and devotion to Napoleon
Celsiusunit for measuring temperature in centigrade or Celsius scaleAnders Celsius, Swedish astronomer.
Derbyrace or sports competition, premier horse race12th Earl of Derby
Dickensianmelodramatic writingCharles Dickens, author
DraconianSevere (measures or laws)Draco, first legislator of Athens in ancient Greece known for his severe code of laws.
DieselFuel used in trucks and other machinesRudolph Diesel, the German inventor
Eroticrelating to sexual desireEros, Greek God of love
Fahrenheittemperature measurementGabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, physicist
Ferris wheela large vertical wheel, with seats that remain horizontal, used for amusement ridesGeorge Washington Gale Ferris Jr. Pittsburgh bridge builder
gladstonea type of travelling bagW.E. Gladstone (1898), a British statesman
guillotinean apparatus for beheadingJoseph Ignace Guillotin, French physician who invented it as a less cruel means of execution
guya man ,fellowGuy Fawkes, an Italian participant in the Gunpowder plot
Herculeansomething that requires great effort and strengthHercules, God of strength
Hygienepractice of keeping self and surroundings cleanHygeia, Greek goddess of cleanliness and chief attendent to her father Asklepios , God of medicine.
jacuzzia bath tub fitted with underwater jets for messaging the bodyCandido Jacuzzi , inventor of the Jacuzzi brand of baths.
Mentora person who guides and advices someone over a period of timeMentor, a guide/ teacher to Odyssues’s son Telemachus
Morphinepowerful drug for reducing painnamed after Morpheus, Greek God of dreams.
Machratio of an object’s speed in a medium to the sound of speed in that mediumErnst Waldfried Josef Wenzel Mach, Austrian physicist and philosopher
MachiavellianCunning and unscrupulousNicolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, Italian Renaissance diplomat
machintoshrain coatCharles Machintosh (1843), Scottish chemist and inventor
macadamizebuild road with stone-chip and bitumenJohn M. Mac Adam, British Engineer
MarxismAn economic policy in favour of communismKarl Heinrich Marx, German philosopher
Mercurialchangeable and unpredictable behaviourMercury ( originally meant born under the planet Mercury )
mesmerizehypnotizeFranz Friedrich Anton Mesmer (1815) Austrian physician (Father of modern hypnotism)
Narcissistichaving an unusually high opinion and admiration of oneselfNarcissus, a hunter and son of river god Cephissus, who was excessively handsome and fell in love with his own reflection
NicotineA highly addictive chemical found in tobacco plantJean Nicot, French ambassador who sent nicotine from Portugal to France.
Napoleon ComplexAggressive behaviour of people with short height to make up for their statureNapoleon Bonaparte, French military leader
ObamacareA federal law for improving health insurance for US citizensBarak Obama (44th President of USA -2009 to 2017)
Panican extreme anxiety causing unthinking behaviourPan, the Greek God of shepherds who would often cause a stamped among the flocks with his shouts
paparazzia news photographer who takes candid photos of celebritiesPaparazzo, a character of news photographer the film La Dolce Vita
pasteurisationprocess of treating food with heat to eliminate bacteria and increase shelf lifeLouis Pasteur, a French chemist
pompadourhairstyle in which the hair in front of the head is brushed up into a high moundMadam de Pompadour, royal mistress to Louis XV
QuislingtraitorVidkun Quishling (1945), Norwegian polititian
ReaganomicsEconomic philosophy of Ronald Regan during the 80sRonald Reagan, 40th President of United States
saxophonea musical wind instrument with conical brass tube and keysAdolphe Sax, a musical instrument designer in Belgium
silhouettethe outline of an object seen against the lightÈtienne de Silhouette , French finance minister of 18th c whose hobby was cutting outlines of shadow portraits
Sandwichan item of food with filling between two pieces of breadEarl of Sandwich, who was fond of eating his food this way so that he did not have to leave the gaming table
ShrapnelFragments of a shell or bomb thrown by explosionMajor General Henry Shrapnel, British artillery officer
SideburnsFacial hair grown on the sides of the faceAmbrose Burnside, a union leader during Civil War
Tantalizingenticing , something teasingly out of reachKing of Phrygia who was made to stand in a pool of water with fruit hanging above him, which moved away from him if he tried to drink or eatTantalus
teddy beara soft toy bearTheodore Roosevelt, 26th President of USA who was presented with a stuffed toy bear by Morris Michtom
voltelectrical unitAllesandro Volta (1827), Italian Physicist
Vancouvercity in British Columbia, Canada
George Vancouver, explorer
watta unit of power (symbol W)
James Watt ,Scottish inventor
zambonia tractor like machine used to smooth ice in skating rinkFrank Zamboni who invented the first ice resurfacing machine

Plagiarism and Content Marketing

Nicholas C. Rossis

Plagiarism | From the blog of Nicholas C. Rossis, author of science fiction, the Pearseus epic fantasy series and children's book

When I got my first SEO copywriting assignment from InSync Media, I expected them to ask me to proofread my copy on Grammarly. However, I was surprised that they also asked me to check my text using an online plagiarism checker.

Then I realized how much sense that makes. After all, I make a point on my blog to properly attribute my content and link to my original sources.

Turns out, you don’t only need to worry about Plagiarism at school, college, or university. Plagiarism is a main concern in the content marketing world as well. When a brand steps into the market, it can face serious backlash if it simply copies another websites’ content and fails to link back or properly credit them.

The Benefits of Crediting Your Sources

Besides being the right thing to do, crediting your sources actually offers several benefits to you.

To secure your…

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Anguish Vanquished

Worry knocked my door
I didn’t recognise him
Being treated as a guest
He thought my heart an inn.

He ate away my time
He took away my sleep
He spoilt my peace of mind
His was cunning and was mean.

I began to think I’m helpless
I began to think I’m weak
I worried about the future
I worried about what has been.

Darkness circled my eyes
With all those sleepless nights
My heart catalysed to lead
And hope was frail and thin.

I nursed my hope with work
I fed her with labour and love
I cut down on my leisure
And watched worry become lean.

Hope and worry clashed
Hope had a hands down win
Worry left my mind
With all his kith and kin.

Happiness flew like breeze
And had a waltz with hope
Together they brought in success
Together they helped me win.

Photo by Jill Wellington

5 Excellent Tips for Taking Final Exams Remotely — Dating, Breaking News, Celeb Gossip & Everything College | CC

When thousands of universities and millions of students were thrown in the loop this spring, professors and administrators felt pressured into reconsidering final exam week. Half a school-year later, and remote learning still has priority over the ordinary classroom. This semester is unlike the past and will end differently. Now, professors and students are more […]

5 Excellent Tips for Taking Final Exams Remotely — Dating, Breaking News, Celeb Gossip & Everything College | CC

A Poem about Poems

Poems, poems, poems,
Poems without wings;
Poems, poems , poems,
By scores in the bling.

Poems about people,
Poems you can sing;
Poems about nature,
Poems of your dreams.

Poems which are famous,
By poets new and old;
Poems which are priceless,
Valued more than gold.

Poems are in abundance,
But scarce is the time;
To go through the poems,
Reading line by line.

Rushing through the day,
Meeting all deadlines;
Gobbling down the meals,
Keeping fit and fine.

Are priorities of today,
Where’s the time to whine?
About life, love and beauty;
Things that make you shine.

Poems, poems, poems,
Poems by the score;
Are piled up each moment,
On the net’s floor.

But poems which are jewels,
Like poems of the yore;
Are rarely penned down,
By poets anymore.

Photo by Gabby K

Poem Analysis 1 – Mirror by Sylvia Plath — The Poetic Elixir

MIRROR – SYLVIA PLATH (1961) I am silver and exact. I have no preconceptions.Whatever I see I swallow immediatelyJust as it is, unmisted by love or dislike.I am not cruel, only truthful ‚The eye of a little god, four-cornered.Most of the time I meditate on the opposite wall.It is pink, with speckles. I have looked […]

Poem Analysis 1 – Mirror by Sylvia Plath — The Poetic Elixir

Aggrieved Giver

Photo by Nick Bondarev on Pexels.com

Your Garbage Dump

You are pristine I must say;
Your houses are all spick and span.
Your cities too are sparkling clean.
You are the modern man.

The granites are all shinning;
Your brasses polished like gold,
Everything looks fresh  and new;
There’s nothing dull and old.

You throw out tonnes of plastic,
Your factories excrete grime;
The chimneys smoke out poison,
You’re polluting all the time.

I feel so dirty and grimy,
My body is full of sore.
I feel like scrubbing myself,
I can’t take it any more.

These endless buildings on me,
That keep growing all the time;
Those asphalt roads and pavements,
Are nothing less than crime.

They singe like red hot embers,
They scorch like a blazing rods!
Oh! I keep running this fever;
I’ll die like poor street dogs.

You throw out all your garbage-
Where do I throw out mine?
Perhaps you forgot to observe,
I’ve kept clean through the time.

I give you all you ask for;
I’m your mother- Don’t you see?
All I beg of you in turn,
Is to keep me neat and clean.

I feel like throwing up at times,
I feel like shaking myself hard,
I feel like hoovering all this trash,
Without a speck of regard.

Listen to me whippersnappers-
You must open your eyes and ears.
Stop every  thoughtless avarice
Or I’ll breath life into your fears.

I’ll stop the life giving water,
I’ll cease to grow your crop.
When you scorch in the sun like me
Your cupidity is bound to stop.

Caring for each other is mutual,
One sided affairs are a trap.
Love me and I’ll love you back,
You do need two hands to clap.

Photo by Tom Fisk

Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.”

—Margaret Mead

The United States is the biggest generator of waste per capita worldwide, with each citizen producing an average of 808 kilograms per year .
The Puente Hills Landfill, the largest rubbish dump in America has accumulate over 150 meters of garbage. Almost as tall as the skyscrapers in Los Angeles.

The Great Pacific garbage patch, also described as the Pacific trash vortex is a gyre of marine debris particles, in the central North Pacific Ocean. (135°W to 155°W)
A similar patch of floating plastic debris is found in the Atlantic Ocean, called the North Atlantic garbage patch. These patches have grown ten fold each decade from the 1950’s. The emission of methane and toxic chemicals is crippling the delicate environmental cycle on which every life on Earth depends.

Photo by Markus Spiske

“We have forgotten how to be good guests, how to walk lightly on the earth as its other creatures do.”

—Barbara Ward

Lessons from the Pandemic

“Everything that happens, happens as it should, and if you observe carefully, you will find this to be so.”  

Marcus Aurelius

The pandemic of 2020 has played its role in the history of the world. It came silently without a single sound and toppled life upside down for us humans – the animals for once had the world all to themselves.
It especially affected those who take pride in distancing themselves far from nature. 
The nations which were affected most were the nations which we see as the most developed ones. Coronavirus pointed out the drawbacks of life in, so-called developed nations. It balantly pointed out that being one with nature is the only way out for humans if they want to survive . While the developed nations grappled to save themselves from the virus,  the underdeveloped nations tackled it with a sneeze or a cough at most. Therfore, back to nature was one of the important lessons of 2020.

Photo by Idy Tanndy on Pexels.com


Every bad incident paves the way for something that is good, something that is positive.  2020 has changed our lives in more ways than one.  Apart from teaching us to focus on life – rather than merely living,  it has shown us great possibilities of a life which can provide a better work life balance.  It has been a boon for moms who find it much easier to juggle work and family responsibilities while working from home. It will ensure better gender representations in work places and moms won’t need to take breaks in their careers for catering to familial duties.

Photo by Aleks Michajlowicz


The biggest  boon of 2020 was the realisation that it is now actually possible to work from home.  Working from home will help people to cut off daily travel to work places thereby setting off a series of positive effects. 
It would save precious time.
It would save dear money.
It would diminish fuel consumption.
It would reduce stress of commuting.
It would save energy in several ways.
All these in large scale would be beneficial for nature and for the human kind in the long run.
The web has become a gold mine of knowledge and opportunities. The bitter experiences of 2020 has propelled us into a life that we would have lived- five to ten years from hence. It has made us realise that we already have the technology to live a life which is more environment friendly and cost effective. 

Photo by cottonbro


Online shopping increased by leaps and bounds in the year 2020. People developed the habit of getting things delivered at their doorstep, and became aware of the benefits of online shopping.  With each shopping people gained confidence and the online market boomed. It not only made life easier but opened a host of new opportunities in the job market and encouraged individual start ups.

Some people make things happen, some watch things happen, while others wonder what has happened.     

Irish Proverb

A big section of optimists grabbed the opportunity of me time and built their start ups during the lockdown instead of sulking over the avalanche of problems that came with the virus.


The availability of knowledge on the web has been another positive outcome of the pandemic.  Overnight, people came to realize the possibilities of getting education for minimal amounts and even for free if the want to upgrade their knowledge.  Video lectures, courses,  lessons catering to every field are now available for people across the globe, anytime – anywhere.

Photo by Karolina Grabowska


The world has come closer due to the pandemic.  It has indeed become a global village. We hope that we emerge as wiser beings as an outcome of the pandemic.  Wise and mentally strong enough to break the differences and borders carved in our minds over generations. It would be critical to be united across the globe to tackle problems like climate change, which may create greater challenges for life on earth than those, which we encountered during the unprecedented times of 2020.

Photo by slon_dot_pics

“Change always involves a dark night when everything falls apart. Yet if this period of dissolution is used to create new meaning, then chaos ends and new order emerges. ”

Margaret Wheatley

REDUPLICATIVES

                                              

Reduplicatives are compound words which are doubled or duplicated in a rhyming manner. They are used as nouns, verbs and adjectives. These are mostly used in informal writing and are formed by changing a vowel or a consonant in the two words. Sometimes they are formed through repetition of the first word. Here are some examples of total and partial rhyming reduplication that we often come across in our daily life. There are plenty of these playful coinages in English.

  1. Airy-fairy               
  2. Argy-bargy            
  3. Blah-blah         
  4. boy-toy     
  5. Bye-bye       
  6. Chick-flick          
  7. Chit-chat          
  8. Claptrap      
  9. Criss-cross             
  10. Dilly-dally        
  11. Ding-dong
  12. Double-trouble    
  13. Drip-drop               
  14. Easy-peasy            
  15. Fifty-fifty               
  16. Flim-flam               
  17. Flip-flop                 
  18. Goody-goody         
  19. Girly–girly              
  20. Hanky-panky         
  21. Hobnob                 
  22. Hulla-ballo            
  23. Hurly-burly           
  24. Hurdy-gurdy         
  25. Hocus-pocus         
  26. Holus-bolus           
  27. Hoochy-coochy
  28. Helter-skelter        
  29. Harum-scarum      
  30. Higgledy-piggledy 
  31. Hugger-mugger     
  32. Hotchpotch           
  33. Hush-hush             
  34. Itsy-bitsy
  35. Knick-knacks          
  36. Lovey-dovey          
  37. Mish-mash             
  38. Mumbo-jumbo      
  39. Nick –nack        
  40. Nitwit
  41. Nitty-gritty       
  42. Namby-pamby       
  43. Okey-dokey            
  44. Pitter-patter           
  45. Ping-pong                
  46. Riff-raff                    
  47. Rag-tag                    
  48. Rantum-scantum  
  49. See-saw                   
  50. Shilly-shally             
  51. Sing-song                 
  52. Super-duper          
  53. Teeny-weeny  
  54. Tip-top                     
  55. Topsy-turvy          
  56. Toy-boy   
  57. Walkie-talkie       
  58. Willy-nilly     
  59. Wishy-washy
  60. Zig-zag                      

The Difference Between Stories and Novels

A Writer's Path

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Humans are born storytellers. Shortly after learning to string sentences together, we start sharing them: “Mommy, I did this…” or “Daddy, I did that….” We are eager to hear about others’ experiences, supposedly to learn from them and avoid their mistakes, and we like basking in the glory that our own stories give us (after being mentally edited, of course).

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