Thinking about the Text
I.Tick the right answer.
1. The (shehnai, pungi ) was a ‘reeded noisemaker.’ – Pungi
2. (Bismillah Khan, A barber, Ali Bux) transformed the pungi into a shehnai. A barber
3. Bismillah Khan’s paternal ancestors were (barbers, professional musicians). – Professional musicians
4. Bismillah Khan learnt to play the shehnai from (Ali Bux, Paigambar Bux, – Ali Bux
Ustad Faiyaaz Khan).
5. Bismillah Khan’s first trip abroad was to (Afghanistan, U.S.A., Canada). – Afghanistan
II. Find the words in the text which show Ustad Bismillah Khan’s feelings about the items listed below. Then mark a tick (4) in the correct column. Discuss your answers in class.
|Bismillah Khan’s feelings about||Positive||Negative||Neutral|
|1. teaching children music||Positive|
|2. the film world||Negative|
|3. migrating to the U.S.A.||Negative|
|4. playing at temples||Neutral|
|5. getting the Bharat Ratna||Positive|
|6. the banks of the Ganga||Positive|
|7. leaving Benaras and Dumraon||Negative|
III. Answer these questions in 30–40 words.
1.Why did Aurangzeb ban the playing of the pungi?
Ans. Emperor Aurangzeb banned pungi in the royal residence for it had a shrill, unpleasant sound. ‘Pungi’ became the generic name for reeded noisemakers.
2. How is a shehnai different from a pungi?
Ans. A pungi is a reeded noisemaker and has a shrill unpleasant sound. A shehnai is an improved version of the pungi. It has a pipe with a natural hollow stem that is longer and broader than a pungi and has seven holes on the body of the pipe which helps in playing classical music.
3. Where was the shehnai played traditionally? How did Bismillah Khan change this?
Ans. The sound of shehnai was considered to be auspicious and was played in temples and in north Indian weddings. In the past it was also a part of the naubat at royal courts.
4. When and how did Bismillah Khan get his big break?
Ans. Bismillah Khan got his big break with the opening of the All India Radio in Lucknow in 1938. He soon became an often-heard shehnai player on radio.
5. Where did Bismillah Khan play the shehnai on 15 August 1947? Why was the event historic?
Ans. On 15th August 1947, the shenai was played by Bismillah Khan at Red Fort.
This event was historic since India became independent on this day and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru gave his famous speech ‘ Tryst with Destiny’.
6. Why did Bismillah Khan refuse to start a shehnai school in the U.S.A.?
Ans. Bismillah Khan was a very patriotic person and loved India. He refused to set up a school in U.S.A as he was extremely attached with Benaras, the banks of Ganga and Dumraon . When a student asked whether he would be amenable to move to U.S if the atmosphere of Benaras was recreated there; Khansaab retaliated by saying whether the Ganga could be transported there as well.
7. Find at least two instances in the text which tell you that Bismillah Khan loves India and Benaras.
Ans. Bismillah Khan’s love for India is reflected when he refuses to shift to the U.S to start a school there. He also said that he missed Benaras when he was in Mumbai and he missed Dumraon when he was in Benaras. He also refused to shift to Pakistan during separation.
Thinking about Language
- Look at these sentences
• Evelyn was determined to live a normal life.
• Evelyn managed to conceal her growing deafness from friends and teachers.
The italicised parts answer the questions: “What was Evelyn determined to do?”
and “What did Evelyn manage to do?” They begin with a to-verb (to live, to conceal).
Complete the following sentences. Beginning with a to-verb, try to answer the questions in brackets.
1. The school sports team hopes – to win. (What does it hope to do?)
2. We all want – to succeed (What do we all want to do?)
3. They advised the hearing-impaired child’s mother – to take her to a specialist. (What did they advise her to do?)
4. The authorities permitted us to -use the stadium. (What did the authorities permit us to do?)
5. A musician decided to – create a world record. (What did the musician decide to do?)
II. From the text on Bismillah Khan, find the words and phrases that match these definitions and write them down. The number of the paragraph where you will find the words/phrases has been given for you in brackets.
1. the home of royal people (1) – royal residence
2. the state of being alone (5) – solitude
3. a part which is absolutely necessary (2) – an indispensible component
4. to do something not done before (5) – improvise
5. without much effort (13) – effortlessly
6. quickly and in large quantities (9) thick and fast
III. Tick the right answer.
1. When something is revived, it – lives again (remains dead/lives again).
2. When a government bans something, it wants it – stopped (stopped/started).
3. When something is considered auspicious, – welcome it (welcome it/avoid it).
4. When we take to something, we find it – interesting (boring/interesting).
5. When you appreciate something, you – find it good and useful (find it good and useful/find it of no use).
6. When you replicate something, you do it – for the second time (for the first time/for the second time).
7. When we come to terms with something, it is- no longer upsetting (still upsetting/no longer upsetting).
IV. Dictionary work
• The sound of the shehnai is auspicious.
• The auspicious sound of the shehnai is usually heard at marriages.
The adjective auspicious can occur after the verb be as in the first sentence, or before a noun as in the second. But there are some adjectives which can be used after the verb be and not before a noun. For example:
• Ustad Faiyaz Khan was overjoyed.
We cannot say: *the overjoyed man.
Look at these entries from the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (2005).
|elder adi., noun adjective 1 [only before noun] (of people, especially two members of the same family) older: my elder brother • his elder sister 2 (the elder) used without a noun immediately after it to show who is the older of two people: the elder of their two sons 3 (the elder) (formal) used before or after sb’s name to show that they are the older of two people who have the same name: the elder Pitt • Pitt, the elder.||awake adj., verb adjective [not before noun] not asleep (especially immediately before or after sleeping): to be half/fully awake; to be wide awake. I was still awake when he came to bed.|
Consult your dictionary and complete the following table. The first one has been done for you
|adjective||Only before noun||Not before noun||both before and after the verb be|