Conditionals are sentences in which the main-clause as well as the subordinate-clause express conditions. In each of the clauses one event follows the other or depends upon the other.
Let us look at these sentences
If it rains, I shall stay at home. (1st Conditional)
I shall stay at home if it rains.
If it rained, I would stay at home. (2nd Conditional)
I would stay at home if it rained.
If it had rained, I would have stayed at home. (3rd Conditional)
I would have stayed at home if it hadrained.
We notice that in each of these sentences have two clauses – the main clause and the subordinate clause.
I will stay at home if it rains.
Main clause subordinate clause
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