Difference between Persuasive and Argumentative Essays

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Argumentative Essay

The purpose of an argumentative essay is to convince the reader that the writer’s idea is true by using statistics. In these essays you have to use logic and reason to show that your view is more legitimate than others. You have to write either for or against the cause using formal and impersonal tone.  The introductory paragraph must convey your position through a clear thesis.  The body should have separate paragraphs for each point with detailed evidence to defend your position. Transitional words should be used to guide readers through the arguments in an organized manner. End with a compelling conclusion to win over the readers mind.

Persuasive Essays

The main aim of persuasive essay is to convince the reader to agree with the writer’s point of view. Both sides of the thesis need to be presented briefly, but the reader must be convinced that the writer’s point of view carries more weight than the rest. This should be done by supporting the point with strong evidences. Persuasive essays are based on emotions and personal opinions and require the knowledge of the reader’s mindset more than extensive research. The essay should be able to convince the reader to accept that the writer’s opinion is the correct one.

In this type of an essay, you select a topic and put forth an argument defending your point of view among other existing ones. Your aim is to make your reader believe that your standpoint is a worthy one.  
The aim of a persuasive essay is to persuade your reader to believe that your point of view is the best and correct one.
You put forth various view points after researching and then defend your own view point as the most relevant one.  
You explain the topic and take a stand expressing your view point on the topic.
You do extensive research and support your stand with evidences, data, facts and reports. These facts and figures increase the worthiness of your stand.  
You may blend evidences and play on the emotions of your reader to win them over for supporting your stand.
You bring forth different views that exist on the topic and justify that your stand is the best among all existing view-points. You explore all perspectives and then tactfully counter all the other existing views.  
You take your stand and support it throughout. You may acknowledge another viewpoint briefly, only to refute it immediately. The whole essay is dedicated to strong support of your standpoint. 
Your approach should be such that the reader understands the worthiness of your perspective among all others. You put forth your stance and hope that the reader considers your standpoint as a worthy one.  
You go all out to win the support of your reader. You aggressively aim at convincing the reader that your standpoint is the best. You persuade your reader personally in a passionate manner playing on their emotions to win their support.
Your reader is important so far as reaching out and explaining your viewpoint is concerned. Your main aim is to make your stand a strong one as compared to others with examples, facts and figures.  
Your main aim is to gain the support of your reader. Therefore you analyze the psychology of your reader and go all out to use their emotions and win them over to believe that your perspective is the only one that really counts.
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Raise your words not voice. It is rain that grows flowers not thunder.

Rumi (ancient poet)

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