Pronouns

A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun.It is a replacing word.

Eg: I, we, you,they, he,she,it.

TYPES OF PRONOUNS

  • Personal pronoun
  • Demonstrative pronoun
  • Reflexive pronoun
  • Emphasizing or emphatic pronoun
  • Indefinite pronoun
  • Distributive pronoun
  • Relative pronoun

Personal pronouns:

Personal pronouns stand for three persons:

1st person – the person speaking ; I,we. 2nd person – person spoken to; you. 3rd person – the spoken of; He, she, it.

Different forms of personal pronoun:

NOMINATIVE : singular / plural 1st person – I / we 2nd person – you / you 3rd person – he,she,it / they

POSSESSIVE: singular / plural 1st person- my, mine / our,ours 2nd person- your / your 3rd person- his,her,hers,its / their,theirs

ACCUSATIVE singular / plural 1st person- me/ us 2nd person- you / you 3rd person- him,her/ them

Impersonal pronouns: It rains , or it snows. Here ‘it’ stands for rain or snow. It rains , means the rain(n) rains (v).

It is proper to use: My sister and I. You and he , instead of the other way round .

Demonstrative pronouns

These are Mick’s colour pencils.

This , that, these ,those are Demonstrative pronouns as they take the place of a noun.

Eg: This is the Governor’s chair. That is a beautiful painting. Those are his test papers. These are Mick’s colour pencils. In these examples we find that the demonstratIves stand for the nouns mentioned in the sentence , hence they are replacing words or pronouns.

The demonstratives-this, that,these,those may also be used as adjectives. In case of Demonstrative adjectives , the demonstratives will qualify or describe the noun and not stand for it.

Eg. This car is mine. Those hills are beautiful. That house belongs to my friend. These pencils are broken.

Here we observe that the demonstrative adjectives are usually placed just before the noun and tell us something about the noun.

Reflexive and emphatic pronoun: myself, himself ,herself , yourself, yourselves , ourselves, themselves are reflexive our emphatic pronouns , depending on their usage.

Reflexive pronouns: In reflexive pronouns the doer of the action also becomes the receiver of the action. ie. The action is reflected back. The dog hid itself. They enjoyed themselves in the party. He hurt himself while playing. I saw myself in the mirror. In the above examples the doer is also the receiver of the action.

Emphatic or emphasising pronoun. In this case the emphatic pronouns are used for the sake of emphasis .

Eg: I myself saw him stealing the letter. He went to the management himself. She herself painted the wall. We set ourselves a difficult task. In the given examples the pronouns , myself, himself, herself, ourselves could have been avoided, but have been used for the sake of emphasis.

Indefinite pronouns : The pronouns which do not refer to any particular person or thing are called indefinite pronouns.

Eg; any, some, few, one, anybody, everybody, anyone, someone. Most of these words maybe used as adjective. Any student can solve this. Some water was drunk. If anyone wants this, let him come forth. Everybody thinks their burden is the heaviest.

Distributive pronouns. Distributive pronouns refer to persons or things one at a time. Therefore , they are always singular and followed by a singular verb. Eg: each, either , neither. At either end stood a policeman. Each of the boys received a gift. Neither of the answer is true .

Relative pronoun Relative pronoun is a pronoun which refers or relates to a noun mentioned before.(antecedent) I have found the book which I had lost. He is the man whom all praise. Blessed is he who has found his work. This is the house that Jack built.

Interrogative pronouns Pronouns used for asking questions are called interrogative pronouns. Eg: What is that? Whom do you want? Which is the house? Who is there? Who is used for persons only. Which is used for both persons and things. What is used for things only. in case of the sentence , What are you? …. I am a doctor. What stands for the profession doctor.

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