Apples, grapes and bananas are good for health.

A conjunction is a word which joins words, phrases or clauses. Conjunctions may also be called joining words.

Two and two makes four.

He will pass if he works hard.

Did you know that she has won the competition?

I cannot see how she can win.


Conjunctions are mainly of two types:

  1. Coordinating conjunctions
  2. Subordinating conjunctions

The third subtype is Correlative conjunctions.


Coordinating conjunctions are words which connect units of equal status and function (ie. Coordinate or independent clauses)

{Independent clause – a part of a sentence that makes complete sense}

Kamal and Dave are good friends.

She reached the station in time but the train was late.

[for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so (Fanboys)]are the main coordinating conjunctions. Some other  conjunctions are [ therefore, too,  either, , neither, however, nevertheless, so, then]

Coordinating conjunctions can be sub divided into four types.

  1. Cumulative orCopulative –   and, also, too, as well as, both…and

(These words merely add one statement to another)

I worked for a long time and did not rest.

  1. Alternative or  Disjunctiveeither…or, neither…nor.

(These words express a choice between two alternatives)

Either he is crazy or he is a genius.

  1. Adversative or Conjunctive Adverbsstill, yet, only, but, however, nevertheless, moreover, furthermore, otherwise, finally, consequently

(These words express opposition or contrast between two statements)

The tortoise was slow; however, he won the race.

  1. Illative  – therefore, for , so, then, so…then

(These words express an inference)

He must have neglected his studies; for he failed.


Subordinating conjunctions connect subordinate or dependent clauses in a sentence.

{ Dependent clause – part of a sentence that does not make complete sense on its own. It depends on the main clause to complete its sense.}

He failed to catch the train because he was late.

I cannot leave the shop until he comes.

[after, although, as , as if, as soon as, because, before, ere, if, how, like,  since, so that, that, than, till, though, unless, until, where, when , while, whither, why,] are subordinating conjunctions.

Subordinating conjunctions may be divided into different groups according to their meaning.

  1. Cause or Reasonbecause, as, since

As she was not at home, I came back.

  1. Conditionprovided, supposing, unless, as, if, whether

I will stay at home if it rains.

  1. Comparisonthat, as…as

He is as tall as his father.

  1. Contrastthough, although, however, even if

She may kill me, yet I will trust her.

  • Purposein order that, so that, that, lest

Oly practises hard so that she could win the prize.

  • Result or effect so…that

Sam sings so loudly that he never needs a microphone.

  • Time  – after , before, as soon as, as long as, since, till, until, while

He completed his work before he left.


Correlative conjunctions are conjunctions used in pairs.

As (so)….as  –  He is as brave as a lion.

 Both… and  –  She is both a writer and a soldier.

Either…or Either you word hard or fail.

Neither…norNeither Ron nor Rick agreed to do the shopping.

No sooner… than –  No sooner did she go out than it began to rain.

Such…as Such teachers as those inspiring students deserve respect.

Scarcely/ Hardly…when  –  I had scarcely began to read when the lights went off.

The same… as – Robert gets the same amount as his friend Bob.


Conjunctions, which merely join two parts of sentences must be distinguished from Relative Pronouns, Relative Adverbs and Prepositions, which also connect words and act as linkers but do more than merely joining sentences.

This is the masterpiece that Picasso painted. (Relative Pronoun)

Here that refers to the masterpiece and acts as a pronoun.

This is the place where Shakespeare was born. (Relative Adverb)

Here where modifies the verb was born and joins the two parts of the sentence.

Dina and Mina went to the market. (Conjunction)

Here and simply joins two parts of the sentence and does no other work.


Rule 1. In case of sentences having more than two words or phrases put comma after each item except the last one.

I like fish, meat, eggs and sweet.

Rule2. In case of only two words or phrases no comma.

He often visits orphanages and old age homes.

Rule 3. I case of two coordinating clauses joined by a conjunction, put comma after the first independent clause just before the conjunction.

Independent clause, conjunction independent clause.

I’m not very hungry, so I will not eat now.

Rule 4. In case of subordinating conjunctions put comma after the dependent clause only if it is followed by the independent clause.

Dependent clause,subordinating conjunction independent clause.

Independent clause subordinating conjunction dependent clause.

After her results, she joined the army. { She joined the army after her results.(no comma)}

Rule 5. In case of conjunctive adverbs, put semi colon (;) after the first independent clause and a comma (,) after the conjunction, just before the second independent clause.  

Independent clause; conjunctive adverb, independent clause.

He went to the station; however, he failed to catch the train.

Make hay while the sun shines.

Comments regarding improvements and modifications would be highly appreciated.

References : High school English Grammar; New Madhyamik Grammar and composition.


How to plan and build a home library

The Trending Diary

While we as parents always wish to inculcate reading habits in our kids, building a home library or a little room for reading is a great step towards making the kids understand the importance of books. Having a little reading space at home encourages the child towards books. While it may not necessary be a big or a fancy space, it is important to design the space carefully and smartly. Here are a few steps that helped me design a library for my daughter at home.

Select the books age wise

Creating an interesting reading space for the entire family requires you to pick the right books that interest them all. Pick the books age and interest wise. For toddlers you may pick books with more and colorful images and less text. Very young children are attracted by brightly colored pictures of simple objects. They are listeners, and respond well…

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“The mind is not a vessel to be filled, but a fire to be kindled.”


The mind is eternal;
And lives forever…..
For the thoughts it gave birth to
When it was alive.

Great people leave their impressions,
In the minds of others.
For their goodness,
For their uniqueness.

Even when they leave their body;
People bow down to them,
Of their own free will.
Respect automatically flows.

It’s thoughts, and the deeds….
Which are the outcome of the thoughts,
That make up our lives.
Which ends with a bang or a hiss.

Losing a great mind;
Is a loss to humanity.
I bow down to such mind,s
And pray for everlasting peace of their  souls.

“And such too is the grandeur of the dooms
We have imagined for the mighty dead;
All lovely tales that we have heard or read;
An endless fountain of immortal drink,
Pouring unto us from the heaven’s brink.”
John Keats

10 Life Skills Our Kids Need — BEFORE College


After my son left for college, I realized that I was negligent preparing him for life. Yes, he had good grades. Yes, he had the right “stuff.” But he was seriously lacking on a few life skills. I spent time teaching my daughter the basics before it was her turn to leave. She was better prepared for the daily tasks–although that doesn’t necessarily mean life won’t throw you some bumps in the road.

13417585_10210063407525531_6987965472607988093_n My son giving his high school graduation speech.

“He tried college a couple times. It just didn’t take,” a dad of one of my son’s friends told me last night at the grocery store.

Next, I got a call from a close friend, whose happy-go-lucky daughter checked herself into a campus hospital, because she felt so overwhelmed and out of control.

Another friend told me their son quit after one semester after too much partying and not…

View original post 646 more words

10 Effective tips to improve concentration

“Take up one idea, make that one idea your life. Think of it, dream of it, Live on that idea let the brain, muscles, nerves, every part of your body be full of that idea, and just leave every other idea alone. This is the way to success.”

Swami Vivekananda
Concentration works like magic

Concentration is a vital aspect of any major achievement, along with consistency and perseverance. Swami Vivekananda, a great patron of humanity, went to America to speak at the Parliament of the World’s Religions in 1893. There,  he met a couple of boys trying to shoot some egg shells blobbing on the river. The boys were unable to hit their targets because of the choppy water. Swami Vivekananda watched their game for a long time. The boys invited him to give it a try. Vivekananda took the air rifle, aimed at the eggshells and shot twelve eggs shells with twelve shots. The boys were amazed, and asked him if he was a professional. Vivekananda surprised them by saying that he had never shot before. He was able to do so because he concentrated, only on his shooting…such is the power of concentration.

Concentration is the ability to take the mind off from all distractions and focus it on a single thing. It helps in increasing the effectiveness and productivity of a person. Concentration increases with practice. Just as exercise builds up muscles of the body, similarly, practicing meditation and attention building techniques will help in improving concentration.


“Meditation can turn fools in to sages but unfortunately fools never meditate.”

The best method to improve concentration is through meditation. Meditating for concentration involves closing the eyes and focusing on one single thing. It maybe your breath, a single sound, or focusing on the centre of the forehead without letting the mind wander. Meditation should be done initially for a few minutes and increased with practice.


The place for study should be without any audio/visual distractions. The area should be peaceful and calm. Digital equipments should not be kept in the study room; if they are required, notes regarding the same must be made and a separate time must be kept for referring through the digital media. This will ensure that time allotted for a particular topic is not wasted.


Study plans must be made for 30 to 45 minutes time slots. Each time slot must be followed by a break time of 5 minutes. Some activity like a walk, a snack, listening to music, or simply taking rest will help in retaining concentration.


‘Our belly rules the mind.’

We are what we eat. To function efficiently the brain needs a nutritious diet. Drinking plenty of water, eating fresh fruits and vegetables, almonds,walnuts, green tea, dark chocolate, help in improving concentration.


Good things follow when you sweat

‘In a healthy body, lives a healthy mind.’ For developing concentration, it is important that the brain receives adequate oxygen through blood circulation. Walking in nature for 30 minutes would ensure a stress free mind and a healthy body. Keeping in touch with nature helps in relieving tension and brings about calmness of mind.


“Let her sleep for when she awakes ,she will move mountains” – Shakespeare

In spite of a busy schedule and a packed time table, getting 7 to 8 hours of sleep is a must to increase efficiency and concentration. Sleep helps in restoring the memory and relaxing the mind. Sleep also helps in improving the immune system which is essential for performing well during exams.


A detailed plan for every subject and topic is necessary to be able to focus on priority topics. The plan would help in knowing how much time is available for which topic. A regular routine and time would train the mind to increase concentration at that specific time.


There are various techniques to increase concentration. Like putting a black dot on a paper and looking at it for 5 minutes at a stretch. Time slots may be increased with practice. Focusing on a gong or a single sound also helps in increasing concentration.


To increase concentration span the 5 more rule may be followed. Whenever you find that concentration is wavering and you cannot focus on studies use the five more rule. It means whatever you are studying or doing, do five more of it. Gradually the concentration span will increase and you will be able to do a little more of your work.


Multitasking leads to distraction. It is important to focus on a single task to get the maximum output. Whenever you feel like there is something else which is to be done, write it down in a sheet as a reminder, so that the work can be completed during the break time. That way the task on hand would be completed and the other work will also be remembered and completed at a later period.

Attention is like a muscle. The more you use it the better it gets. Training the mind to focus on a single thing helps in greater efficiency and effectiveness. It is better to focus on one thing at a time. To increase interest in a topic glancing through the chapter and the question answers at the end is advisable. You can also go through audio or video uploads of the topic to get an idea of the content. Reward yourself on completion of a task with something you like. Take power naps to boost your concentration and memory. Distractions will occur. Use spider web technique to avoid being distracted. If a spider’s web is stimulated it will attend to the stimuli to see whether an insect has been trapped. If the stimuli is continuous it will not pay attention. Similarly if you train your mind that there will be distractions, and you must ignore them, the mind will cease to be distracted and concentration will increase. Learn to say no to distractions and don’t try to please everyone. When you don’t feel like studying at all and are unable to concentrate, take a break and be kind to yourself, your mind will reward you with better concentration when you need it the most.

“Arise awake and stop not until the goal is achieved.”

Swami Vivekananda

The Psychic

Accomplished Ignorant

A rude an skeptical person consults a psychic after losing his wife. *Read the short story and watch the short film at the end. #ShortFilm #ShortStory #ThePsychic

Never before in my life did I consider visiting a psychic or a palm reader. Even though I’ve seen that place in the corner over a hundred times. I never had a reason to go. I wasn’t even curious, not even if I got a free consultation.

I knew I was a rational person. Believing in ghosts or the afterlife was not my thing. But after the real-life nightmare that occurred to me and my family I began to consider paying her a visit. I’ve seen that lady many times parking her fancy car in the driveway. She never wore long flowery dresses like old hippies used to wear. She didn’t look like a gypsy either. She often had a smile on…

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Do You Want to Be Successful? Do This One Thing — Cristian Mihai

“Luck is a dividend of sweat. The more you sweat, the luckier you get.” – Ray Kroc If you’ve been following this blog for some time, you know that I am a big advocate of perseverance. This is how I define the grind, the hustle: to keep going in spite numerous obstacles, despite all the […]

Do You Want to Be Successful? Do This One Thing — Cristian Mihai


The books are on the table.

A preposition is a word which shows the relation between a noun or a pronoun and some other word in a sentence.

1) The books are on the table.

‘On’ shows the relation between the bag and the books.

2) She painted the fabric ‘with’ colours.

With’ shows the relation between the fabric and colours.

i) There is a teacher in the class.

Here the preposition ‘in’ joins a noun to another noun.

ii) She is fond of music.

Here preposition ‘of’ joins a noun to adjective.

iii) The dog jumped off the wall.

Here the preposition ‘off’ joins a noun to a verb.


1] Simple preposition or preposition proper

2] Compound preposition

3] Complex or phrase preposition


These are made of one or two syllable and some may have adverbial roles. Common simple prepositions are:

About         before             down             on         through

Above           behind            during           out         to

Across     below     for    over        under

After     beneath     from     past    until

Along      beside      in        round      up

Amid    between   of        since        with

Among   beyond    off       till           at

Around   by                             


Compound Prepositions are formed by making compound of two simple prepositions.

In + to = into                 with + in = within

On + to = onto          with + out = without

out +side =outside 

through+out= throughout

in + side =inside

on + round = around              

up + to = upto            by + side = beside


Double Prepositions : outside of, from behind, out of, from beneath.

3] COMPLEX PREPOSITION (Prepositional phrase)

These two or three-word phrases function in the same way as simple prepositions.

According   apart from        along with

As to         as for          at variance with

Because of     by dint of  by means of

By virtue of      due to         for the sake of

In accordance with        in case of                       in charge of

In course of                   in order to                      in front of

In connection with        in favour of                   in lieu of

In response to                in spite of                      in view of

Instead of                      on account of                on behalf of

Together with               with a view to                with reference to


Participial prepositions

These present participles which are used without any noun or pronoun attached to them function as prepositions.

Barring, concerning, considering, during, notwithstanding, pending, regarding, respecting, touching.

E.g. Bears hibernate during winter.

        He said nothing regarding his promotion.

         Considering the weather, we decided to stay home.

        She was held in custody pending trial.



 Prepositions do not stand alone but needs complement. The complements of preposition can be a noun, pronoun, other parts of speech or a clause.

Noun-                         He kept the book on the table.

Pronoun-                    I spoke to him politely.

Adverb-                      They had reached by then.

-ing clause                  He was surprised at her saying this.

Wh-clause                  She was shocked at what he did.


After the verbs – arrive, come, go, get, take, bring, send – the word ‘home’ is used as an adverb so it does not usually take a preposition.   

He takes home a good salary.

Bring home an LCD T.V. and enjoy weekend movies.


Prepositions usually come before its complement but sometimes it is placed after the complement.

Wh- structures                        What are they looking at?

Relative clause                        That is the house that Jack built.

Passive structures                    He hates being laughed at.

Infinitive structures                 It is a nice place to live in.      


Prepositions can be classified into six types according to relationship with other words.

1. Place / position –   at, in, on, by, between, among

2. Time                 – at, in, on by, during, for, from, since, within

3. Movement        – through, across, along

4. Direction          – at, in, from, into, to, towards

5. Agent/ instrument or mannerby, with, for, in, from

6. Cause/ reason    – for, from, of, with

1] PLACE AND POSITION    [ at, in , on, by, between, among]

At   – A point  in space   – at the corner/end/ side/exit

          Name of bulding/ public place – at the Taj Mahal.

           Less known town/ village        – at home, at school.

In  –   Large town, country  –  in New York, in  France

          A point  within area  –   in the street, in the newspaper

 (In the end – finally, At the end -a point where something stops.)    

On – Position touching surface  –  on the table/ on the river

         Supported by someone or something- on the head/on a pole

         Position before page           –  on page 10

By – nearness                             –  by the door/ by the stream

Between– In the middle of two things – between two people.

Among–in the middle of more than two things – among the trees.

{Other prepositions which indicate position- below, by, under, behind, in front of, on top of, above, over}

TIME  [  in, at, on, by, for , during, from, since, within]

In –  Month                             – in March, in December

       Year                                 – in 2007, in 2020

       Decade                             – in the 70’s

       Centuries                          – in the 12th Century

       Parts of the day                – in the afternoon, in the evening

       Seasons                            – in spring, in winter

       After some time              –  in an hour/minute/day/year/month

                                                   In a week

On – Dates                           – on 2nd October

        Specific days                –  on a rainy day, on New year’s Day            

        Days of the week         –  on Wednesday/ Sunday

        Immediately after something – on his departure

{‘In time’ means with enough time to spare. ‘On time’ as pre planned, or at the nick of time.}

By – not later than the given time    – by 4 o’clock/ by tomorrow

At – Part of day                              – at night/ dawn /noon

During – throughout the period       – during winter/ summer

Since – From a specified time in the past  – since Sunday/ noon

For – Duration of time                      – for a year, for two hours

From –    Time  of starting               – From Friday – starting till end            – From 3pm to 6pm

Within     –  not later than the specified time  – within an hour

{ ‘Since’ refers to the starting point of an action. ‘For’ refers to a period of time or its duration}

DIRECTION   [  at, in into, from, towards, to]

From –  Starting point                 –  from college/ from the market

Towards – in the direction of       –  towards her mother

To   – in direction of something   –  to the school/ to his home

Into – moving to a point within something- into the river

In – Towards geographical direction – in the north

At – throwing towards                  – threw a pebble at the bird

MOVEMENT        [ through,  across, along ]

Along  –  Parallel or close to something –   along the bank of river

Across –  in front of or on something     – across the lane

Through –  from one end to another       –  through the village


For –    As a reward                         –  for his courage/  for $ 50

In   –   Showing medium material   –  in cash/ in ink/pen/pencil

By  –   Person who created it           – by Shelly/ by Shakespeare    

          Means of transport/ transfer – by car/train/air,   by cheque

From  –   Material                           –  from wool/paper/wood

With   – Instrument                         -with a knife/ with a periscope

CAUSE/REASON      [for , from ,of ,with]

Of      –   Cause                           – She is proud of her beauty.

For    –   Reason                         –  Birbal is famous for his wit.

From –   Reason of something   – He is suffering from jaundice.

With  –  because of something   – He is shaking with laughter.

Prepositions with different uses

At – place, time, direction

By – Agent, manner, time, place

On– place, time, reason

In  – place, time, direction, manner,

About – approximation, subject, place,

For – place, reason, agent, time

From – Direction, time, manner, reason

Of   –  Position, cause, origin, measurement

Out of – Place, cause, origin, condition

To – Direction, time, possible range.

With – instrument, reason, material, company

Words followed by appropriate Prepositions:

Abide – by, at, in, with                       adequate  – to / for  

Abound – in, with                               adapted  –  to / for / from

Absent – from                                     adjacent  – to  

Absorbed – in                                      adhere –  to

Absent – from                                     admit   – of/ to

Abstain – from                                    advantageous – to

Access – to                                          affection   – for

Accompanied – by, with                     affectionate  –  to

According – to                                    afraid –  of

According – to                                    affected   – by

Acquainted – with                               agree  –  with/ to / on

Accountable – to                                  alarmed  – at

Account – for                                       alien  – to

Accused – of                                        alight  –  from / on

Acquit – of                                           alive   –  to

Alliance   – with                                   aloof  –  from

Amazed  – at                                         ambiton   –  for

Amount  –  to                                        ambitious  – of     

 Amused  – at                                        angry  –  with/ about/ at

Annoyed  –  at/ with                             answer   –  to/ for

Anxious   –  about/  for                         apologise – to / for

Appeal – to / for / against                     appetite  – for

Apply – to/ for                                      approve – of

Apt  –  at / in                                          aptitude – for

Apprehensive – about/ of                      appropriate  – to/ for

Apropos (with reference to)  – of          arrangement – with/ for

Arrive –  at/ in                                        ascribe   to

Aspiration    – for                                   assent –  to

Associate – with                                    attach  –  to

Attack   –   on                                         attend  –  to/  upon

Attribute  –  to                                        authority  –   on / over

Avail   –  of                                            available    –   to


Bad  –  at                                                beg  – of /for

Believe – in                                            beneficial –  to

Bent  –  on                                              bestow  –  on / upon

Beware  –  of                                          blind – of/ in / to

Blessed   –  with                                     boast  –  of

Born   –    of                                           bound   –    for

Burden –  with                                        busy   –   with


Callous – to                                        capable –  of

Capacity  – for                                    care  – for/ of

Cause – of                                          cautious – of

Certain – of                                        caution  –  against

Charge  –  of/ against                         claim – to

Clear  – of                                          cling –  to

Close  – to                                          clothed – in

Coincide  – with                                 comment  – on

Compare  – with                                 compensate  –  with/ for

Competente – for                               compete  –  with

Complain  – to/ of / about                  composed   – of

Conceal  –   from                               conceive  –  of

Condemn  –  to/ for                            confident –  of

Confer   –  on                                     confined  –  in / to                                                                                                

Conform  –  with                               congenial  – to

Congratulate  –  on                            conscious   –   of

Consist  –  of/ in                                consistent  – with

Consult  –  with                                 contact  –  with

Contrast   –   with                              convince   –   of

Connive  –  at                                    contrary  –  to

Contribute  –   to                               control   over

Correspond  –  to/ with                      count   –   for

Credit   –  to/ with                              cure    –    of


 Deaf  –  in/ to                                    deal  –  in/ with

Debar  –  from                                    decide  –  on 

Dedicate  –  to                                    defend  –   from

Deficient  –  in                                   deficiency  – of

Delight  – in  / at                                deliver   – to / from

Depend  –  upon/ o                            deprive  – of

Derive  –  from                                  descend – from

Deserving  – of                                  desire – for

Desirous  – of                                    despair – of

Detach –  from                                   deter  –  from

Devoid   – of                                      devoted  – to

Die – of /by from/for/in/through       differ – from / with

Difference – between                        different – from    

Difficulty  – with                               disappoint – in /of

Disappointed – with                          discussion – with

Disagree – with                                 disgrace – to

Disgust – with                                   dislike  – for

Dispense  – with                                displease  – with/ at / by

Displease  –  with / at/ by                  dispose – of

Dispute – with / about                       disqualified – for / from

Dissent – from                                   dressed – in

Dissimilar – to                                   dissuade – from

Distinguish  – between/ from             divert  –   from

Divide  – into                                      doubt – about/ of

Due – to                                              dull – at / of                                                                                                               

Dwell – in/ upon                                 dye – with


Eager – for/ after                                 eligible  –  for

Emerge  –   from                                  encroach  –  upon

End  –  in                                              endow  – with

Engage   – with/ in to                           enter  –  into / upon / for

Entertain –  with                                   entitle  – to

Entrust –  with                                      envy – of/ at

Envious  –  of                                       equal – in / with / to

Essential – to/ for                                 escape  – from

Excel  – in                                             example  –  of

Exception  –  to/ of                               exchange –  with / for          

Exclude  –  from                                   exclusive   –  of

Excuse  –  from/ for                              exempt    –   from       

Expect   –  from / of                              experience  – of / in

Expert  –  at / in / on                              explain  –  to

Expose   –   to


Faith   –  in                                               faithful  –  to

False  – to                                                 familiar  –  with

Famous  –   for                                         fatal  – to

Favour   – of                                             favourable  –  to / for

Fear  – of                                                  feel   – for

Fight  –  with / over/ against                     fit   for

Fond  –  of                                                 Fondness –  for

Foreign   –  to                                            forgetful   –  of

Free  –  from/ of                                        frightened  – of /at

Frown  –  on / at                                         full –  of


Gifted  – with                                              glad  –  at/ about / of

Glance  –  at/  over                                      glory   –  in

Good   –  at/ for                                           grateful   –  to/ for

Greedy  –  of  / for                                       greed  – of / for

Grieve – at / for /over                                 grumble  –  at / over

Guard  –  against                                         guess – at 

Guilty –  of


 Happen to                                                    hanker  – after

hatred – of/ for                                             harmful  –  to

hear  –  of / from                                           heed   –  to

heir  –  to                                                       hide   –  from

hinder  – from                                               hint –  at   

hope   -for                                                     hostile    –  to

hunt   –  for / out                                            hunger  –  for           


Identical –  with                                           ignorant   –  of

Immaterial – to                                            ill  –  of/ with                                                            

Immersed –  in                                             immune  –  to

Impart  –  to                                                 impart   –  to

Impatient  –  of / for                                    import  – from     

Import   –  from                                           impose  –  upon

Impress  –   with                                          indulge  –  in / with

Infer  –   from                                              incentive  –  to

Inclination  –  to                                          include  –  in

Indebted  –  to                                             inclusive  –  of

Independent  –  of                                       indifferent  –  to

Inferior  –  to                                               infested  –  with

Influence  – with / over/ upon                     inform   –   of                                              

Inform   – of                                                infuse  –  into

Innocent  –  of                                             inquire – about/into/for     

Insensible –  to                                            insist  –  upon 

Inspire   –  with                                           interest  –  in

Interfere  –  with / in                                   intimate  –  with

Introduce  –  to / into                                  intrude – into /upon

Invited  –  to                                               involved – in


 Jealous  –  of                                               jeer  –  at

Jest  –  about                                                join  – in / with

Jump – at / to                                              junior  –  to   


Keen – on                                                    key  – to

Kind  –  to / of                                              knock –  at


Lack  – of / in                                               lame  – of

Lament  –  for / over                                    laugh  –  at

Lavish  –  in / with  / upon                           liable  –  to/ for

Likeness  –  to / of                                       liking  – for

Live – in/ at/ on/ by/ for/ with                     long  –  for

Lost  – to/ in                                                 loyal  –  to


Mad  – with / about                                   marry  –  to

Match  –   for                                             meditate  –  upon

Meet  –   with                                             menace  – to

Mindful  –  of                                             mix – in / with

Mourn – for                                               moved  – to

Muse – on                                              


Natural  – to                                               necessity – for / of/ to

Necessary  – for/ to                                    need – of / for

Neglect – of / for                                       negligent – of

Negotiate  – with                           


Object – to                                                objection –to/ against

Oblige – to / for                                        obstacle – to

Occupied – with/ in                                  occur – to

Offend  – against                                       offended  – with

Offensive – to                                           open  – to

Opportunity  –  for                                    oppose  – to

Opposite  – to                                            opposition  –  to

Originate  – in/ from                                  overcome  –  with

Overwhelm  –  with                                   owe  –  to


Parallel  –  to                                              part – from/ with

Partake – in                                                partial  – to

Participate  – with/ in / about                     passion – for

Patient  –  with                                           peace – with

Particular – about                                      passion – for

Patient  –  with                                           peace  –  with

Peculiar – to                                               peculiar  – to

Permit – of                                                 persist – in

Pity –  for                                                    play – on / with

Plead – for / with                                        pleased – with

Plunged – in                                               polite – in

Poor  – in                                                    popular  – with / for

Precaution – against                                   prefer  – to

Prejudice – against                                     prepare – for

Present – with                                            preside- at/ over            

Pretend – to                                                prevent  – from

Prey –  on / to                                              pride – in / on

Proud – of                                                   prior – to

Proceed – with /from/ against                     proficient – in

Profit – by                                                   profitable – to

Prohibit  – from                                           prompt – in

Prone  – to                                                   proof – against

Proportionate – to                                       protect – from/ against  Provide – against/for/with                           protection – against   pursuance  – of                                           


Qualify – for                                               quick – at

Quarrel – with/ over/ about                        quest  – for


Ready – for/ at /with                                   reason – for/ with

Rebel – against                                            reckon – with / on

Reconcile – with /to                                    recourse  – to

Recover – from                                           reduce – to

Refer – to                                                    reflect – upon

Refrain – from                                            regard – for

Rejoice – in / at                                           related – to

Relation – to/ between/ with                       relevant – to

Relieved – from/of                                      rely – on

Remarkable – for                                         remedy – for / against

Remind – of                                                 render – into\

Repent – of                                                  repentance –  for

Replace – by / with                                      replace – by / with

Reply  –  to                                                   reproach – for

Require  – of / from                                      resign – to

Required – to                                               resolve–into/upon                                    

Respectful – to                                             restore – to 

Responsible – for /to                                    rest – with

Restrict – to                                                  retire  – from/ to        

Result – of / from/in                                     revenge – on 

Reward – with                                              rich – in

Rid – of                                                         rob – of

Rude – to/ about    


Sacred – to                                                   safe – from

Satisfaction – in/at/with/ of                         satisfy – with

Search – for/ of                                            secure – from/against

Seek – for/ after/ from                                 senior – to

Sensible – of                                                sensitive – to

Sentence – to                                                short – of

Shrink – from                                               silent – about

Sick – of                                                       similar – to

Similarity  – to/between                                side – with                                                                                                                                            

Slave – of / to                                               slow- about/at/down       

Smell – of                                                     smile – at/ upon

Snatch  – at                                                   sorry – for/about Spread – out/over                                         stain – on

Stare – at                                                      start – for/ from

Stick – at/ to                                                 strange – to

Subject – to/ of /for                                      stoop – to

Submit – to                                                   subordinate – to

Subscribe – to                                               subsequent – to

Subsist – on                                                  substitute – for

Succeed – in/to                                             succumb – to

Sufficient – for                                              suffer – from

Suitable – for / to                                          supply – to / with

Superior – to                                                 supplement – to

Sure – of                                                        surprise – at

Suspect – of                                                   suspicious – of

Suspend – from                                             sympathy – for/ with

Sympathise – with                                         sympathetic – to

Synonymous – with


Talk – to/ about                                            tamper – with

Taste – of                                                      teem – with

Testify – to                                                   thankful  – to/for

Think – of/ about /on/ over                          thirst – for

Tide – over                                                   tired – of

Tolerant – of /towards                                  touch – on/ with

Treat – of / to                                                tremble – with

True – to                                                        trust – to/with/in

Typical – of


Unaware – of                                                 unconscious – of

Unite – with                                                   urge – upon

Use – of                                                         used – for/ to

Useful – to                                            


Vary – from                                                    versed – in

Vested – with                                                  vexed – with

Victim – of / to                                                View – on/ to


Wait – for/ upon                                             weak – in

Weakness – for                                               want – of / for


Yearned – for                                                 yield – to


Zeal – for                                                        Zest – for


Rules for usage

i) Do not use infinitive with certain words which require a preposition followed by a Gerund (verbal noun).

She is addicted to smoking.(not-to smoke)

He assisted me in rowing the boat.

I am fond of reading books.

ii)  Sometimes both constructions are possible.

She was afraid of telling the truth.

She was afraid to tell the truth.

iii) Certain words always take the infinitive.

He advised us to leave the place.

I hope to get the first prize.

iv) Prepositions are  sometimes wrongly omitted:

   What use is it?    [incorrect]

   Of what use is it? [correct]

v) Prepositions are sometimes inserted where they are not required.

 Where have you been to? [incorrect]

 Where have you been?      [correct]

He jumped into the river.

The best way to cope with depression. — EnigmaDebunked

If you ever have had those days when you felt worthless, worthless like you don’t matter and it would be better if you didn’t even exist at all, you might understand what depression is, or maybe, you are already going through it right now. In psychological terms, “depression is a mood or emotional state that […]

The best way to cope with depression. — EnigmaDebunked

Average Superwoman

Stress is a serial killer

She woke up early;
She slept so late,
Anyhow, she finished her plate.
She ate leftovers;
She gobbled them down,
Saving each penny,
Saving each crown.
She saved everything,
For a better life.
She was busy each day,
Her life was a strife.

She worked at home;
She worked outside,
Life’s journey was a bumpy ride.
She washed dishes;
She fulfilled wishes,
Office was a stress;
Home was a mess.
She lost her health,
On her health her wealth.
And the better days;
Found better ways,
To elude her,
Till the end of her life.

Simply bloom. Live life now.