Motherland India

The queen of queens is India,
The prettiest of them all;
Mother to millions of children,
Whom she helps to stand tall.

She’s abundant in resources,
The richest in terms of true wealth.
From minerals to nature’s bounty,
Which develops mind and health.

Protected by nature’s soldiers,
The Himalayas and the seas.
Enriched by varied landscapes;
From deserts to deltas and trees.

Rich minds and culture polished,
Through boundless time and space.
Munificent minds who embrace,
Diversity of religion and race.

To motherland we bow down,
For bringing up children so fair.
Who are strong, wise yet gentle;
Spiritual souls who share.

We shall strive to make you proud;
We shall never any effort spare.
My motherland, O! My India!
We pledge to take your care.

Ch-1,The Lost Child by Mulk Raj Anand

                                                                         MOMENTS Ch 1 – NCERT Class -9

About the author:

Mulk Raj Anand (12/10/1905- 28/9/2004) is famous for his stories related to the traditional society and the poor of India. He wrote short stories and novels portraying the lives of the downtrodden in a sympathetic and realistic manner. His famous works include- ‘Coolie’, ‘Untouchable’, ‘The Village’, ‘The Big Heart’ and ‘Seven Ages of Man’.

Summary

The author begins the story with the description of a spring morning when the village lot, dressed in a medley of colours set off to visit the temple fair. A child with his parents also sets off for the fair, excited and gay. He is attracted towards the toy shops along the way, but his father gets angry when he demands to buy them. His mother however is in a pleasant mood and tries to distract him by showing him the mustard field that shines like liquid gold in the golden sun. The boy is enthralled with the dragon flies, butterflies and the lone black bee that are seen to be fluttering gaily over the mustard fields. He also becomes engrossed watching the insects and worms along the footpath,  as a result  he lags behind his parents.

When his parents went to sit down in a grove, he runs towards them and is greeted by a shower of flowers which he collects in his little hands. Soon he hears the cooing of the dove and shouts “The Dove! The Dove!’; forgetting the petals in his hands. Then he capers around the banyan tree in mirth. His parents call him, and then lifts him, up before proceeding towards the fair.

When they reach the fair the child sees many things at the fair, such as sweets like; gulab jamun, rasgulla, burfi, and jalebies. He wants to have burfi as it is his favourite. Next, he yearns for a garland of gulmohur; followed by rainbow coloured balloons. Then, he takes fancy to the snake charmer’s music. Although the boy wants all these things, he moves ahead without waiting for an answer as he knows that his parents would not digress, no matter how much he pleaded.

When he reaches the swirling roundabout, he badly wants to have a ride on it, and turns around boldly to get permission from his parents. It is then that he realizes that he had lost his parents. He cries out and tears start rolling from his eyes. Panic-stricken he runs about here and there, not knowing where to go or what to do. His yellow turban becomes untied and his clothes mud-stained. He seeks his parents everywhere but is unable to find them. He goes near the temple and is pushed around in the crowd. Just as he is about to be trampled, he is rescued by a kind man who picks him up.

The man tries to console him and offers him all the things he had wanted one after the other; but the child is inconsolable and wants nothing except his parents.

Theme of ‘The Lost Child’

The theme of the story is the deep relationship of pure love between parents and a child. No material possession can compensate for the loss of close ones.

Title of ‘The Lost Child’

The title of ‘The lost Child’ approprialtely reflects the flow of the story. On one hand it foreshadows the incident in the story, while on the other hand it tells us about the desires of a child to possess everything he sets his eye upon in this material world. The lost child symbolizes entire mankind in pursuit of material things. Humans take for granted the precious blessings in life which are free. It is only with the loss of these blessings that one realizes its true value. It is then that all material things lose their significance and one helplessly seeks to regain what they have lost.

THINK ABOUT IT

Q1. What are the things the child sees on his way to the fair? Why does he lag behind?

Ans. On his way to the fair, the child first comes upon toy shops that were lined on the way. In an attempt to distract the child his mother shows him the golden mustard field, full of dragon flies intercepting the flight of a lone black bee. There are also butterflies fluttering about in search of nectar. He also sees insects and worms which come out to enjoy the spring sunshine.

The child lags behind his parents as he is fascinated by the toys in the toyshop and by the dragonflies, butterflies in the mustard field.

Q2. In the fair he wants many things. What are they? Why does he move on without waiting for an answer?

Ans. The child sees many things at the fair, such as sweets like gulab jamun, rasgulla, burfi, and jalebies. He wants to have burfi as it was his favourite. Next, he yearns for a garland of gulmohur; followed by tempting rainbow coloured balloons. Then he takes fancy to the snake charmer’s music. Finally, he badly wants to have a ride on the roundabout.

Although the boy wants all these things, he moves ahead without waiting for an answer as he knows that his parents would not concede no matter how much he pleaded.

Q3. When does he realise that he has lost his way? How have his anxiety and insecurity been described?

Ans. When the little boy receives no reply to his request for a ride on the roundabout, he turns about and realizes that he is lost in the fair.

His fear and insecurity has been brought about in an expressive manner. On finding out that he had lost his way the boy cries out and tears start rolling from his eyes. Panic-stricken he runs about hither- thither, not knowing where to go or what to do. His yellow turban becomes untied and his clothes become mud-stained.

Q4. Why does the lost child lose interest in the things that he had wanted earlier?

Ans. The lost child becomes disinterested in things that had appealed to him earlier as he has lost his parents, who are more precious than anything else,  and wants them back.

Q5. What do you think happens in the end? Does the child find his parents?

Ans. The author has left the story open ended, leaving it to the reader to decide what happens to the child. In my opinion the child would be united with his parents.

The man who rescued the child from the crowd must have helped him find his parents at the end.

Talk about it

How to ensure not to get lost?

To make sure that one is not lost, one must-

  1. Memorize home address.
  2. Learn phone number by heart
  3. Keep an identity card
  4. Children should hold on to parents
  5. Parents should be vigilant

THE FUN THEY HAD


By Isaac Asimov


THEME of ‘The Fun They Had’


In the story ‘The Fun They Had’, Isaac Asimov, envisioned a futuristic world where a highly mechanized education system would replace the traditional school system, robbing the children of the fun in the class with their peers. The advancement of science and technology would ensure convenient, error-free and fast paced education through computerized home schooling but with definite drawbacks. The author tries to bring out a contrast between technology based education and the manual teaching learning done in traditional schooling system.

Message of ‘The Fun They Had


The author in ‘The Fun They Had’ gives us the message that no matter how advanced, convenient and error-free, computerized home- schooling becomes, it can never compensate the overall development that traditional schooling provides. In computerized home schooling system, children will miss out the inter-personal and social skills that children develop while interacting with their peers and teachers. The human touch in schools goes a long way in creating priceless memories in the journey of life.

Thinking About the Text
Answer these questions in a few words or a couple of sentences each.

Q1.How old are Margie and Tommy?


Ans. Margie is eleven and Tommy is thirteen respectively.

Q2.What did Margie write in her diary?


Ans. On the page dated 17th May, 2157, Margie wrote: ‘Today Tommy found a real book!’

Q3.Had Margie ever seen a book before?


Ans. No, Margie had never seen a book printed in paper, as the books they used were all tele-books or e-books.

Q4.What things about the book did she find strange?


Ans. Margie found the book strange as the words stood still instead of moving like they did on the screen. It also amused her to see that the content remained the same when they flipped back the page.

Q5. What do you think a telebook is?


Ans. A telebook is an electronic book that can be read on a screen. It is an eBook with moving words.

Q6.Where was Margie’s school? Did she have any classmates?


Ans. Margie’s school was right next to her bedroom.
No, she did not have any classmates as she was home schooled.

Q7.What subjects did Margie and Tommy learn?


Ans. The subjects mentioned in the story are geography, history and arithmetic. It is unclear what other subjects they learnt.

II. Answer the following with reference to the story.

“I wouldn’t throw it away.”

i)Who says these words?


Ans. Tommy says these words to Margie.

ii) What does ‘it’ refer to?


Ans. ‘It’ refers to the television screen Tommy’s telebook’s are stored.

iii) What is it being compared with by the speaker?


Ans. The speaker is comparing it with a real book.

Sure they had a teacher, but it wasn’t a regular teacher. It was a man.”

i) Who does ‘they’ refer to?


Ans. ‘They’ refer to the kids who attended traditional school system centuries ago.

ii) What does ‘regular’ mean here?


Ans. ‘Regular’ here means the computerized mechanical teacher from which Margie and Tommy learnt their lessons.

iii) What is it contrasted with?


Ans. It is contrasted with the convenient, fast and error-free method of teaching done by the mechanical teachers as compared to the manual teaching learning done by human teachers.

III. Answer each of these questions in a short paragraph (about 30 words).

Q1. What kind of teachers did Margie and Tommy have?

Ans. Margie and Tommy had mechanical teachers. Margie’s teacher has been described as large black and ugly with a big screen where the lessons were displayed. It had a slot where Margie had to put in her homework and tests using a punch code.

Q2. Why did Margie’s mother send for the county inspector?

Ans. The mechanical teacher had been giving Margie test after test in Geography which had been causing her performance to deteriorate. Concerned over this matter Margie’s mother called the county inspector.

Q3. What did he do?

Ans. The county inspector smiled at Margie and gave her an apple, and then he took the mechanical teacher apart in order to repair it. Within an hour he had put it back together and fixed the geography sector by gearing it to an average ten- year old level.

Q4. Why was Margie doing badly in Geography?

Ans. The mechanical teacher had been giving Margie test after test in geography due to which she was unable to keep up her performance. The county inspector helped her by slowing down the gear of the geography sector to an average ten – year old level.

Q5. What had once happened to Tommy’s teacher?

Ans. Tommy’s teacher had to be taken away for a month for repair, as the history sector of the mechanical teacher had completely blanked out.

Q6. Did Margie have regular days and hours of school? If so why?

Ans. Margie followed a regular routine for school with the mechanical teacher every-day, except Saturdays and Sundays.
Margie’s mother Mrs. Jones believed that little girls learnt best at regular hours. Therefore, Margie had a regular routine for school.

Q7. How does Tommy describe the old kind of school?

Ans. Tommy describes the old kind of school as a special building where kids of the same age went and studied together. He also mentions that the kids were taught by a human teacher who taught them lessons, asked them questions and gave homework.

Q8. How does he describe the old kind of teacher?

Ans. Tommy describes the old kind of teachers as smart humans who gave children homework, asked questions and taught many children of the same age in a class.

IV. Answer each of these questions in two or three paragraphs (100 –150 words).

Q1. What are the main features of the mechanical teachers and the schoolrooms that Margie and Tommy have in the story?

Ans. Margie and Tommy had mechanical teachers in the form of large black-screened computers on which various lessons were displayed. Margie’s teacher had a slot where she had to put in her homework and tests using punch code, which she had learnt when she was six. The teachers operated on the basis of sectors of different subjects. At times the mechanical teachers malfunctioned due to certain technical errors. Margie’s geography sector had to be geared to the average ten year old level; whereas, Tommy’s mechanical teacher had to be taken away for a month as the history sector had completely blanked out. The schoolrooms were situated in their homes. Margie’s classroom was right next to her bedroom.

Q2. Why did Margie hate school? Why did she think the old kind of school must have been fun?

Ans. Margie hated school as her mechanical teacher had been giving her test after test in geography and she had been performing poorly in the subject. Apart from her performance in the tests she had always hated it because she did not have any peers and found the classes monotonous.
She thought that the old kind of school must have been fun because all the children went to school together, and had fun learning the same thing together in the class. They could help each other out with the homework. They left for home together at the end of the day. All these things seemed exciting to Margie who had to learn from the boring mechanical teacher all by herself.

Q3. Do you agree with Margie that schools today are more fun than the school in the story? Give reasons for your answer.

Ans. Yes, I whole-heartedly agree that offline schools today are more fun than that of the story. Students indeed have a lot of fun going to school, interacting with friends and teachers and learning something different from each individual they interact with. The social and inter-personal skills that they learn go a long way in improving their personality and increasing their happiness index.
Unlike Margie students in traditional schools can have fun with their classmates. They can play with each other in the games period. Students learn a lot of co-curricular activities and have a glorious time during Annual Function, Sports Day and so on. All these activities make traditional schools a fun place to go to.

Thinking about Language

Adverbs

Read this sentence taken from the story:

They had once taken Tommy’s teacher away for nearly a month because the
history sector had blanked out completely.

The word complete is an adjective. When you add –ly to it, it becomes an adverb.

  1. Find the sentences in the lesson which have the adverbs given in the box
    below.

Awfully sorrowfully completely loftily
carefully differently quickly nonchalantly

Now use these adverbs to fill in the blanks in the sentences below.

(i) The report must be read carefully so that performance can be improved.
(ii) At the interview, Sameer answered our questions nonchalantly_______,
shrugging his shoulders.
(iii) We all behave differently____ when we are tired or hungry.
(iv) The teacher shook sorrowfully her head when Ravi lied to her.
(v) I completely_ forgot about it.
(vi) When I complimented Revathi on her success, she just smiled loftily_____
and turned away.
(vii) The President of the Company is awfully_____ busy and will not
be able to meet you.
(viii) I finished my work quickly___ so that I could go out to play.

Remember:
An adverb describes action. You can form adverbs by adding –ly to adjectives.
Spelling Note: When an adjective ends in –y, the y changes to i when you
add –ly to form an adverb.
For example: angr-y angr-i-ly

  1. Make adverbs from these adjectives.

(i) angry – angrily (ii) happy – happily
(iii) merry – merrily (iv) sleepy – sleepily
(v) easy – easily (vi) noisy – noisily
(vii) tidy – tidily (viii) gloomy – gloomily

II. If Not and Unless

• Imagine that Margie’s mother told her, “You’ll feel awful if you don’t finish your history lesson.”
• She could also say: “You’ll feel awful unless you finish your history lesson.”

Unless means if not. Sentences with unless or if not are negative conditional sentences.

Notice that these sentences have two parts. The part that begins with if not or unless tells us the condition. This part has a verb in the present tense (look at the verbs don’t finish, finish in the sentences above).

The other part of the sentence tells us about a possible result. It tells us what will happen (if something else doesn’t happen). The verb in this part of the sentence is in the future tense (you’ll feel/you will feel).

Notice these two tenses again in the following examples.
Future Tense Present Tense
• There won’t be any books left unless we preserve them.
• You won’t learn your lessons if you don’t study regularly.
• Tommy will have an accident unless he drives more slowly.

Complete the following conditional sentences. Use the correct form of the verb.

  1. If I don’t go to Anu’s party tonight, _he will be upset.
  2. If you don’t telephone the hotel to order food, __you will go hungry.
  3. Unless you promise to write back, I _shall not let you go.
  4. If she doesn’t play any games, _she will become physically weak.
  5. Unless that little bird flies away quickly, the cat will eat it.
Writing
A new revised volume of Isaac Asimov’s short stories has just been released.
Order one set. Write a letter to the publisher, Mindfame Private Limited, 1632
Asaf Ali Road, New Delhi, requesting that a set be sent to you by Value Payable
Post (VPP), and giving your address.

Your letter will have the following parts.

• Addresses of the sender and receiver
• The salutation
• The body of the letter
• The closing phrases and signature


Your letter might look like this:
Your address

Date (DD/MM/YY)

The addressee’s address

Dear Sir/Madam,

Yours sincerely,

Your signature


Remember that the language of a formal letter is different from the
colloquial style of personal letters. For example, contracted forms
such as ‘I’ve’ or ‘can’t’ are not used.

4/H Netaji Subhash Road
Chennai – 07


05 May, 2022

Mindfame, Private Limited, 1632
Asaf Ali Road, New Delhi


Subject: Letter for ordering the revised version of Issac Asimov’s short stories.


Madam,
This is to request you to send me a set of the revised version of Isaac Asimov’s short stories. Please send it by Value Payable Post (VPP) to the address mentioned below. Kindly send the set at the earliest.

Yours sincerely

T. Divya

4/H Netaji Subhash Road
Chennai – 07
Contact no. – xxxxxxxxxx

______________________________________

Speaking

In groups of four discuss the following topic.

‘The Schools of the Future Will Have No Books and No Teachers!’

Your group can decide to speak for or against the motion. After this, each group
will select a speaker to present its views to the entire class.

You may find the following phrases useful to present your argument in the debate.

• In my opinion . . .
• I/we fail to understand why . . .
• I wholeheartedly support/oppose the view that . . .
• At the outset let me say . . .
• I’d/we’d like to raise the issue of/argue against . . .
• I should like to draw attention to . . .
• My/our worthy opponent has submitted that . . .
• On the contrary . . .
• I firmly reject . . .

Points in favour of the motion:


The schools of the future will have no books and no teachers because . . .
computer and digital technologies are more efficient.
internet has become a boon for students.
a vast amount of knowledge is available on the internet.
electronic gadgets are replacing human tutors.
educational software is replacing teachers
guardians feel at easy as students do not have to venture out.
experienced and competent teachers are not always available.
Variety of courses is offered for free over the internet.
YouTube videos offer free lectures which can cost a lot.
Paperless education will provide relief for environment.

Points against the motion.


The schools of the future will have no books. As a result,
The bond between teacher and students will be lost in case of mechanical teachers.
values and ethics will degrade in the society as mechanical teachers lack the human touch.
materialism and commercialism will reduce quality of life.
absence of human sentiments will make life worthless.
Robots and machines will enslave us
personal relationships will be affected as students will only be guided by gadgets.
students will not learn to be disciplined due to lack of guidance.
social and interpersonal skills will not develop in students.
overall development of students will be affected due to lack of physical activities.
feelings of brotherhood and unity will not develop in citizens

JOB APPLICATION

                                                                 

Job application includes the letter for applying for a job along with the job seeker’s personal data.  The application letter is the primary means of introducing the job applicant to the employer where the applicant offers his or her service.  The resume/ curriculum Vitae/ bio- data or personal data includes the job seekers – name, address, age, qualification, experience, references and other achievements.

Marks – 6 M

Format – 1M

Content – 3M

Expression – 2M

WORD LIMIT – 150 – 200 words

The job application consists of two parts 1. Covering letter and 2. Bio data/ C.V.

Application letter

This is the cover letter of the application and follows the format of formal letter.

FORMAT :-

  1. Covering letter: (similar to that of Formal letter)

Sender’s Address

Date

Receiver’s Designation and Address

Subject

Sir

Para 1 – Mention application and source of info. –day,  date,  adv. No., post applied for.

Para 2 – Brief intro. of applicant, qualification, experience, strength, why you are suitable.

Para 3- Inform about enclosure of – bio-data, photo, documents . Awaiting Reply.

 Complimentary close

 Signature (Name mentioned in question paper)

  • Bio-data/ Curriculum Vitae:- this includes – personal details,  qualifications,  experiences, references and declaration.

Name-

Mother’s Name –

Father’s Name –

Gender –

Date of birth –

Address –

Contact no. –

Email-id –

Nationality –

Marital Status –

Academic Qualification

ExamBroad/ UniversitySchool/ CollegeGrade
X   
XII   
    
    

Work Experience : (last job 1st)

Achievements:

Hobbies:

Languages known:

References:

I do hereby, certify that the information given above is true to the best of my knowledge and ability.

Date                                                                                                                            Signature

TIPS FOR WRITING JOB APPLICATION

  1. Presentation is important – adhere to format
  2. Leave lines between paragraphs
  3. Never include personal details
  4. Stick to word limit – 150 – 200 words
  5. Check spelling and grammar – they carry marks
  6. Underline important information with pencil and scale
  7. Do not use informal language

Q. You are Ashish / Ashita of A /4, Radission road, Kanpur. You see an advertisement in the newspaper that India Chemical Industry, Delhi requires accounts officers, where minimum qualification should be a B.Com degree. The person should have min 4 yrs experience and job requires ability to maintain books of accounts, to prepare balance sheet etc. Considering yourself suitable for the job, apply to the managing director, ICJ, B-112, Barkhamba Road, Delhi.

A/4 , Radission road

Kanpur

07th May, 20XX

Managing Director

India Chemical Industries

B- 112, Barkamba Road

Delhi

Subject : Application for the post of accounts officer.

Sir/Madam

With reference to the advertisement published in the XYZ newspaper on 3rd May, 20XX, I would like to extend my candidature for the post of Accounts Officer in your esteemed company.

I am qualified in B.com form Central College of commerce, New Delhi. I have 5 years work experience.

If selected,  I would work with complete sincerity, honesty and effectiveness. I hereby enclose my curriculum vitae for your perusal and hope for a positive reply.

Thanking you

Yours sincerely

Ashita

____________________________________________________________________________________

                                                           CURRICULUM VITAE

Name – Ashita Kapoor

Mother’s Name – Anima Kapoor

Father’s Name – Naveen Kapoor

Gender – Female

Date of Birth – 20/02/19XX

Address – B-94,  Radission Road, Kanpur

Contact no. – xxxxxxxxxx

Email id – ashitakapoor@gmail.com

Academic Qualification

ExamBoard/ UniversitySchool/collegeGrade
XCBSEDelhi Public School, KanpurA+
XIICBSEDelhi Public School, KanpurA+
B.ComDelhi UniversityCentral College of CommerceA+

Work Experience –  1) 2 yrs experience in Hind Chemicals, Pvt.Ltd.

                                   2) 3 yrs experience in Hindustan Lever, Kanpur

Achievements- 1) Employee of the year (20XX) Hindustan Lever

                             2) State champion in swimming

Hobbies – 1) Composing music

                  2) Gardening

Languages known – 1) Hindi

                                     2) English

                                     4) Bhojpuri

Reference : 1) XYZ, Dean, Central college of commerce, Delhi

                     2) ABC, HRD Manager, Hindustan Lever, Kanpur

I do, hereby, certify   that the information given above is true to the best of my knowledge and ability.

Date: 07/05/20XX                                                                                                              Ashita Kapoor   

      

 Sample Paper -2022                                                                                                                 (5marks)

You are Shantanu, residing at Ghar B-94, Balimela Road, Malkangiri. You come across the following classified advertisement in a local daily. Write a letter, in about 120-150 words, applying for the position of a volunteer for the Each One Teach One campaign.

                                                              SITUATION VACANT
Wanted committed volunteers, aged 18 years and above, to teach underprivileged children, for one hour a week, in the district of Malkangiri. Ability to speak, read and write Odiya fluently, important. Experience not necessary. All volunteers to receive training. Contact Nethra N, Coordinator (Each One Teach One), 4Literacy, Ambaguda, Malkangiri, Odisha -764045

Answer-

Ghar B-94, Balimela Road

 Malkangiri

07th January, 20XX

Nethra N

Cooridinator (Each One Teach One)

4Literacy, Ambaguda

 Malkangiri, Odisha -764045

Subject : Application for the post of volunteer teachers.

Madam

With reference to the advertisement published in the XYZ newspaper on 3rd January, 20XX, I would like to extend my candidature for the post of volunteer teacher in ‘Each One Teach One’ .

I am qualified in B.com form Regional College of Commerce, Bhubaneshwar. I am presently associated with an NGO ‘Ujjwala’ working for the upliftment of children from backward communities in Odhisa             .

If selected, I would work with complete sincerity, honestly and effectiveness. I hereby enclose my curriculum vitae for your perusal and hope for a positive reply.

Thanking you

Yours sincerely

Santanu

CURRICULUM VITAE

Name – Santanu Sarangi

Mother’s Name – Anima Sarangi

Father’s Name – Naveen Sarangi

Gender – Male

Date of Birth – 20/12/19XX

Address – Ghar B-94, Balimela Road, Malkangiri. Odhisa

Contact no. – xxxxxxxxxx

Email id – sarangisantanu@gmail.com

Nationality – Indian

Martial Status – Unmarried

Academic Qualification

ExamBoard/ UniversitySchool/collegeGrade
XCBSEDelhi Public School, CuttackA+
XIICBSEDelhi Public School, CuttackA+
B.ComDelhi UniversityRegional College of Commerce, BhubaneshwarA+

Work Experience –  1) 2 months experience in NGO ‘Ujjwala’.

Achievements- 1) Student of the year (20XX) DPS, Cuttack

                           2) State champion in swimming

Hobbies – 1) Composing music

                  2) Gardening

Languages known – 1) Hindi (read, write, speak)

                                     2) English (read, write, speak)

                                     3) Oriya  (read, write, speak)

Reference : 1) XYZ, Principal, DPS, Cuttack

                     2) ABC, HRD Manager, ‘Ujjwala’ Malkangiri, Odhisa.

I do, hereby, certify   that the information given above is true to the best of my knowledge and ability.

Date: 07/01/20XX                                                                                                                          Santanu Sarangi   

Earth Day

Photo by Akil Mazumder


We keep a day for the Earth,
To reflect upon our deeds;
Debate on the endless greed,
Which ruin the world.
Extreme climate is the reward,
Sadly the animals and birds;
Which do not have a hand,
In the earth’s destruction,
Will perish first.

Then humans will follow,
And the Earth shall watch;
Her creations suffer and exit.
Once more she’ll rebuild herself,
And sigh, remembering the people;
Who predicted the end of the world.

Munni’s Lesson

Munni! yelled Giovan as he entered their house . He fumed with anger. “Munni!” He cried as he looked in both the rooms of their small house, but his sis was nowhere inside the house.


He found his mom in the balcony watering plants. “Have you seen Munni, mom?” he growled.
“Why? What’s the matter? Now what trouble did she get you into?” asked his mom irritably. 
She was totally fed up with the bickering of the twins. How tiresome it was being a mother of the twins! Complaints from every corner filled her days ,  ever since they learned to walk and talk.


“Well she had pawned my bicycle to Hitesh in exchange of six packets of chips, six snickers and six cans of milkshake” he said sarcastically, pulling at his own hair.
His mom looked astonished and stared at his head transfixed. Giovan waved his hand in front of her eyes. Mom came back from her state of shock and gave a big sigh ,”Go find her, and bring her back to me.”


” When I find her I will make her pay for her pranks, ” Giovan glared fiercely.


” Why on the earth would anyone trade a bicycle for some food? I fail to understand.  I really wish God gave her some wisdom along with her audacity, “said Mom.

“She does all these things just to annoy me. There’s no other reason at all. You must tell her to stop this at once, mom. She’s become too much of a troubled maker,” Giovan yelled.

” Calm down and speak politely,” mom scolded Giovan. 

“Now, how shall I get back my bike, mom?” he asked.

” I shall speak to Hitesh’s mom, and request her to send ìt back. She’s a good lady and would make Hitesh understand. Now you run around and find your sis. Make sure she comes back with you. Don’t utter a word about the bicycle till you are inside the house. ” she advised.

Stomping out of the house,  Giovan muttered, “Today that spoilt brat is going to learn a lesson for life.”

He found Asit and Chirag sitting on the grass in the community playground chatting. “Hi! Did any of you happen to see Munni this afternoon? “he enquired.

” Well, Well! By your looks it seems she has played a new trick on you.  You have a gem of a sis, bro!”  Chirag winked at Asit. The siblings were a source of entertainment in the community. 

” Yes! you would say so, being  the sole child of your parents.  If you had to deal with the agony of being with a sis like Munni, you wouldn’thave pulled my leg at all times, ” Giovan grumbled. 

“Ah! She’s a dear. A bit impish, but everyone’s favourite.  This you must agree. ” said Asit. His sis Ira was a bookworm and a bore.

“You have not answered my question yet,” Giovan reminded.

“Nope, no sign of Munni the menace today.” Asit replied.

” That girl will turn me into a lunatic someday.” said Giovan.

” Aren’t you already one?” Chirag smirked.

Scowling at him Giovan said, ” You are most welcome to be her brother,  I  am quitting from the post. You would behave likewise when you find that your bicycle has been bartered for some snacks.”

 Both Asit and Chirag howled with laughter and thumped the grass beside  them.

“Finding it funny?  Eh?” said Giovan, raising an eyebrow.  “Gotcha, find her before she finishes off all the chips and chocolates she got in exchange for my bike.”

“Will be glad to help you if you share some of it with us,” said Asit eagerly. 
“I’m trying to get those back so that I can return them and get my bicycle back.  Not to eat them, got it?” said Giovan exasperated.

“O okay!  calm down, bro, we’ll help you to find her just to see how sparks  fly when you two meet,” Chirag joked.

“No need,” glared Giovan marching off to find Munni. It was a matter to be settled between themselves, not for entertaining outsiders.  Though Munni was silly, Giovan was protective of her.

He searched for her in all the likely places. Rang the doorbells of her close friends to find out whether they were having some silly parties, to her nook in the park, but she couldn’t be found anywhere.

He was about to give in, when he spotted Aisha.  Aisha and Munni were in the same standard and was on her long list of friends. 

“Hi! Aisha,”  he called out.
Aisha turned around and gave him a bored Hi! as was the norm for her gen.

“Have you seen Munni, today?” asked Giovan. 
“I think I did,” she replied casually. 
 Arrrrgh! thought Giovan.  Munni and her lot was too much to tolerant.  But he desperately needed to get the information. So maintaining his facade of politeness he asked, “Really? How nice, can you tell me where she could be at this moment? “

“She went down to the migrant labourer’s camp where the new blocks are being built.  I  think she’s on some mission. She was quite in a hurry and barely gave a hello.”

” Labourer’s camp! Goodness!  Silly girl, she’ll get into some kind of trouble if she makes friends there. ” Giovan panicked as he ran towards the site.

The make-shift tents came into view as soon as he turned the corner of the blocks under construction.  There was quite a lot of work going on at the site. 

Giovan made his way towards the tents. A lot of children were playing around,  while some older women were busy cooking outside their tents.
Giovan looked around for Munni, worried that she might get into trouble someday because of her recklessness.  He couldn’t see her anywhere.  Finally, he decided to ask for her whereabouts and approached a wrinkled old woman with white hair and a kind face.
” Hello! Have you seen a girl about ten with ponytails come here this morning? “
“Ahh! Yes, you must be talking about Munni.  You are her brother, right?  You two look so similar,” she grinned she came in half an hour ago. I asked her name as she was new here.

“Yes, yes, she’s my sister.  Where’s she?” he  said as his annoyance turning into concern.
“There ,” said the woman;  pointing to a blue tent right at the end of the row of colourful tents.
“Thanks!”Giovan rushed towards the tent, slowing down as he approached it.
Children’s laughter flowed from the tent among which one was of Munni’s. Giovan heaved a sigh of relief. 
He peeked inside to see Munni sitting cross-legged on a worn out rug along with three other small children of about three to six year old. 
“Yes, I  want to be a doctor, ” the six year old girl said to Munni, munching  chips from her packet of lays.
“I just want to be rich,” said the five year old boy beside her. Sipping his Amul cool.
“And what does Imli want to be?” asked Munni to the three year old stroking his head.
” Mummm mumm,” replied the youngest chewing his snickers. More interested in the chocolate than in the future.
They all laughed out aloud. Giovan cleared his throat, “Munni! ” he called. 
 Munni was startled , ” Oh! Giovan,” she said meekly.  “How did you find me?”
” You have crossed all limits , Munni” Giovan glared at her.
“Where’smy bicycle?  And why have you come here? This is not a safe place for you.  You could have been kidnapped. Don’t you have the slightest sense?” he rebuked.
Munni held her head down.  “I’ll get your bicycle tomorrow.  I am sorry, but I lent it to Hitesh for sometime till I pay back his money.”
“Why would you do so with my bicycle?  Why  didn’t you exchange some of your stuff for those miserable packets of  food?” Giovan countered her.

“Well it so happened that these little kids were roaming around our block crying.  You see, their mom and dad work in the construction site and their father has had an accident and a fracture.  All their savings have been spent on his treatment and as their mother is busy at the hospital; so they have nothing to eat.  The neighbours are helping them sometimes but they too are too poor and busy to  be able to look after them.”
“So you bartered my bicycle for a few packets of chips?  And that’s Ok? My bicycle is worth three packs of chips and a few snacks?” fumed Giovan. 


” Oh! no. I just lent it to him for a day or two, till I pay him back. It so happened; that I was enjoying your bike in your absence when I met these hungry kids. Right at that moment Hitesh was passing by with those food stuff that he bought for himself.  So, I offered him the bike for sometime in exchange for the snacks. You see these kids are so small and hungry. My heart went out for them. I thought it would be better to take them to their home to keep them safe. Don’t worry I’ll get back your bicycle by evening. ” she grinned.


“Is this your brother? ” asked the six year old.
” Yes, Shallu,  and I have to go back home now, ” said Munni getting up.
“Don’t roam around for food,” She said sternly, ” I and my friends will get you some from our homes till your mother can look after you.”
Giovan felt proud of his little sis. Although a prankster,  she had a heart of gold. He started to think what else he could do to help the kids as they waved goodbye.

He had forgotten all about teaching her a lesson for life.

Divided We Fall

All political leaders
Always  around the world
Are looking for opportunities
To make the common man fall.
They divide them through walls
Of borders, religion, language, et. all
So that they may become eternal
While the common men may fall.
They make each other fight
Like puppets in a stall
And ruin their own selves
While as leaders they stand tall.
The wars and destruction
Can all at once be stalled
If people are united
And do not respond to cat calls
Every common man,
In every nook of the world
Must pledge to stand united
And perform endless hartal*
Till stupid leaders bow down
To common people’s call
And stop ruining their lives
Covering innocent lives with pall.
For united we shall stand
And divided we shall fall.

Photo by Martin Lopez on Pexels.com

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Hartal – general strike

How to write a simple note. — jenny’s lark

For many years now you’ve heard me repeat the suggestion to pen handwritten notes. Handwritten notes are little treasures for the recipients, and the act of writing them is a particular and special kind of gratitude practice that may be trendy to talk about now but that has always, always been true. One of the […]

How to write a simple note. — jenny’s lark

Death of Dreams

Photo by Pixabay

Andriy looked at the numerous toys on display. He loved the sleek aeroplane with stickers of people sitting inside.  He too had boarded a similar plane with his mom, a month ago, to visit his aunt who lived in Stockholm.  His cousins were delighted to have him and they had a nice time together.

However,  his mom had become too silent and just the opposite of her usual jovial nature. Now-a-days, she worried too much. Whenever, Andriy asked her about going back home to dad. She simply hugged him tight and wept. Alex did not want his mom upset, so his hugged her back and kept quite. 

The toys on display made him homesick,  he had every kind of toy in his collection at home. He missed his home, his favourite corner, his very own comfy bed, dad’s warm comfort. Everything!
His mom, who owned a salon back home, had changed suddenly after they came to visit his aunt. Earlier, she was extremely busy with her salon and hardly had time to rest. But whenever they went to the shopping  malls, she would always buy him a toy when they went shopping. But now in Stockholm, all they did was window shop when they visited the malls if at all they went shopping. At other times his mom sat listlessly, by the window staring out at nothing in particular.

 All these changes  were too complex for him to understand as a six year old. 
Last week, mom got him enrolled at the school where his cousins went. She said it was temporary. His cousins welcomed him to their school, but Andriy desperately wanted to go back to his own school where his buddies were.
 His very best friend was Dymtrus. He was also his next door neighbour and they were inseparable.  Oh! how badly he missed him. They both wanted to study space when they grew up. Find new life in other planets.
Andriy  wondered what Dymtrus would be doing at school without him . Little did he know that his friend lay cold under the freezing soil in the makeshift grave at their backyard along with his parents. His dreams along with his parents, and that of numerous others had been slaughtered at the alter of a single man’s dreams.

Pressure and Performance — English Literature and Grammar

Photo by Andrea Piacquadio

Underground water is easily pumped out due to the pressure underground. When a drilling machine drills for water, it comes out with great force, throwing the water high up; creating a wonder among the onlookers. Gradually, the pressure becomes less and the water gurgles out for sometime before stopping […]

Pressure and Performance — English Literature and Grammar