Thousands lived without love, but none without water.
Water woes My throat was parched, My lips were dry, Water! Water! Was my cry. I squeezed my eyes, Far to see. To find some water, Or find a tree. Not a drop was there, Nor a plant, nor tree. For rivers and forests, Were history.
Water is life. Without water life is not possible. Every living being needs water for survival. We all know that three fourths of the world is covered by water. Of this 97% is found in oceans and salt lakes as saline water , and only 3% of it is sweet water. Most of this sweet water, about 2%, exists in the form of glaciers at the poles ,as perma-frosts, ice-caps, water vapour in the atmosphere as well as soil moisture. That leaves 1% of the earth’s water resources fit for consumption. This water is found on land in forms of rivers, lakes, ponds , wells and as underground water in aquifers. This 1% sweet water is the source of life not only for humans, but for all forms of life that exists on land. Humans have been using this water for ages for cooking, cleaning, washing, bathing as well as for agricultural and industrial use. As long as machines weren’t invented for pumping out water wastage of water was limited. As people had to labour hard to draw water from wells and ponds, they used water judiciously.
With the invention of advanced pumps and drilling machines. Pumping out water has become an easy task. With the press of a button or a switch, water is readily available for use . In cities and towns, the corporations provide water through out the year, so people do not think twice before using, more than the required amount of water. Washing our hands in running water wastes 27 litres of water which can be done with 1 litre water using a mug. If we turn off the tap while soaping our body we save 50 litres of water. Using a bathtub wastes 110 litres of water. Washing cars uses 150 litres of water , which can be minimised to 50 litres using bucket and mug.
Advancement should be actual, not superficial. The water that we are wasting today belongs to the next generation. Depletion of underground water is a harsh reality , that we are ignoring for the present. Most waterbodies are polluted to such an extent that the water is no longer fit for consumption. This includes seas and oceans, where marine animals and creatures are facing extinction due to chemical and plastic pollution.
The glaciers in the mountains, which are the prime source of water for permanent rivers are also melting fast due to global warming. This means that these rivers would also dry up within a decade or two. It would mean that there would be no source of water, either over the ground or underground. Trees would perish due to lack of water and agriculture would be impossible. The coming generations would bear the burnt of the deeds of the present generation. Through exploitation of nature, we are paving the way towards a dreadful future for the generations to come. The children are aware of the adverse effects of the so called development of the present generation. But, being brought up in comfort, they are not equipped for dealing with the impending adverse situations. It is for us to see that our children and living beings at do not suffer due to our irresponsible and callous lifestyle. They would need sweet water , healthy food and fresh air, and bearable atmospheric temperature to survive. Water is the tastiest thing that God has made. Let us save water and be thankful for the best things in life…. Which are always free. Save water , every drop counts.
‘Global warming’ has become one of the most used phrases in the recent times. Everyone seems to be concerned about global warming but hardly anything substantial gets done about it. It is a sad thing that in spite of knowing the causes and effects of this global phenomenon, everyone prefers to turn a blind eye towards the matter. The causes of global warming are primarily, the numerous concrete jungles that are cropping up, vehicular emissions, plastic menace and the population boom. Among these population boom is the main reason which gives birth to the other causes. It is because of these reasons that the atmosphere is getting polluted giving rise to the ‘Green House Effect’. The heat gets trapped among the dust particles and the pollutants, which stops it from going back to space and letting the earth cool down.
The effects of global warming, is proving to be disastrous
for the biosphere. The list of extinct animals is going on increasing, along
with the ever increasing list of new diseases. People are pursuing careers and achieving
success only to find that everything is taken away due to ill health. When people
have this realization, it is often too late to mend the ways. It is same for
our efforts to combat Global warming and climate change. By the time we realize
that the basic requirements like air, water and food cannot be supplemented by
money, it will be too late.
There are laws to protect human rights, laws to protect animal rights but no laws for plant rights. There are of course certain laws for forest conservation, which are molded at will in the name of so called development. Trees like mothers are silent providers, who want nothing in return and are hence the most neglected of the lot. Trees cannot shriek, wail, yell or run away when they are butchered, hence it is Ok. to chop and uproot them at will. We forget that they are the providers of the very oxygen without which we cannot survive for more than two to three minutes. The injustice towards the providers of life giving oxygen, must be stopped. It is high time for humans to stand up for plant rights.
If global warming continues, the day is not far when humans will also face the same fate as the emperor penguins whose entire giant colony vanished. (In 2016, as the ice sheets collasped , the entire colony of chicks drowned. The adults did not breed after that. No one wants a bleak future for their children.) The only difference would be that they were not responsible for climate change while humans are entirely responsible for it. The good thing is that all is not lost; we still have time to rectify our errors. Simple efficient and effective measures may be taken to save our lovely earth.
First and formost, is the need to take extensive afforestation measures. Trees must be planted everywhere and by everyone. Here we are trying to achieve a secure future for every living being on earth. Just as we save money for future, similarly we are here trying to protect our, as well as the future generation’s health and well being. It will prove to be the greatest investment that we have ever made. This afforestation measure can be simplified, if we involve our future generation in it. It would indeed be a wise and effective measure on the part of the governments, if they involved all educational institutions in planting of trees. Governments of all countries should make tree plantation one of the mandatory activities for students in the age group of 11 to 14 yrs.
Once a year the students should be made to plant a tree in a given stretch of road allotted to the school by the government. The school will be responsible to maintain the trees in that stretch of road. Although cumbersome at the beginning, it will be a source of pride in the future. This can be extended to other organizations and industries who will take up afforestation measures as part of community service. If such measures are implemented throughout the world it would prove to be a simple effective measure in ensuring a pollution free atmosphere for the coming generations. The students and people who plant the trees will also retain a good memory, in form of a ’ Tree Friend’.
We must find innovative ways to protect our mother earth and
be successful in it. Governments should ban plastic manufacturing, and find
biodegradable alternatives to plastic. Mindless constructions of concrete
jungles should also be curbed through stringent measures. Old buildings should
be demolished and new buildings made on those sites instead of encroaching
forests and wastelands. Multiplexes and sky rises must be made to have some
green cover to prevent heat retention. Along with these measures, schools and
societies should preach minimalist approach to life to prevent unnecessary
exploitation of earth’s resources, which should be saved for the future
generations. If people buy only what they need and start reusing and recycling
things, the mountains of waste that is generated everyday can be curbed to some
extent. These toxic wastes pose a grave threat to our future and must be
generated only at the minimal level.
It all starts with our thinking. As we think, so we do. As we do, so we yield. This is the simplest process that guides our life. We must all start thinking about giving back positively to nature. So far, it has been nature which has taken care of us and we have only taken all the way. We have only given back negatively to nature which has resulted in ‘Global Warming and Climate Change.’ We must now change our ways and give back to nature positively, if we really want to continue to enjoy the bounties of nature. If we don’t, nature too will give back negatively which will be very difficult for us to tolerate. It is time for action…. For more than money, we want pure air ,water and food for our children.
This blog will take a one-week early summer break and come back in June on a new, three-day, Monday-Wednesday-Friday summer schedule. Look for a new post on Monday, June 3.
Diane Ravitch made the announcement yesterday morning on her blog: A U.S. philanthropy has awarded $10 million in prize money to two companies—Kitkit School and Onebillion—for developing and testing out in Tanzania an electronic tablet program for teacherless education. “You knew this was coming, didn’t you?” writes Ravitch.
First it was Bridge International Academies, the for-profit, international private school venture underwritten by Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg and other philanthropists and operating in Kenya, Liberia, Uganda and India. At Bridge Academies, students must pay tuition, teachers in the schools must continually recruit new students, and teachers must present scripted curricula delivered to them electronically from a central site. Critics have pointed out that by employing less educated teachers who merely…
A verb is a word that says , what a person is, has or
Monica is an
Mr Wayne has a
Verb is the heart of a sentence. A sentence almost always has a verb( Except in nominal sentences like” What a lovely picture!”). A sentence can be of a single word, but that word has to be a verb. Eg. Sit . Speak. Stand , Run.
All these words make complete sense and are one word
sentences containing verbs.
Most of the verbs are doing verbs.
‘Be’ and its forms suggests being.
‘Have’ and its forms suggests having.
Verbs may be divided into various categories. Let us first look at the two basic types of verbs. The main verb, and the helping verb or the auxiliaries.
MAIN VERBS and AUXILIARIES
Main verbs are open class verbs which can be used as
There are 5 Main Verb forms:
V1(Present tense) eat
V2(Past tense) ate
V3(Past participle) eaten
V4(Present Participle) eating
Main verbs may be divided into Regular and Irregular verbs.
REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS
All the above verbs end with ‘ed’, ‘d’ or ‘t’ in the past tense which was changed from the present tense with or without any change of the side vowel. These verbs are called regular verbs or weak verbs.
Eg; play , played , played , playing , plays
spend , spent , spent , spending , spends
If a verb does not require the addition of ed, d or
t to form the past tense ,it is a strong
verb. The verbs given below are examples of strong verbs which
are also called irregular verbs.
Eg: go , went , gone , going , goes
sing , sang , sung , singing , sings
These main verbs denote the main action
in a sentence.
Helping verbs are also called auxiliaries.
They are of two types primary auxiliaries and modals.
will be/ shall be
Will do/ shall do
The primary auxiliaries are helping verbs that can form sentences without the help of main verb. Eg. Kiran is intelligent. In this sentence ‘is’ acts like a main verb in order to form a sentence. In the sentence, ‘ I willpaint a picture.’Paint is the main verb, and ‘will‘ is the auxiliary.
Ought to/used to
TRANSITIVE AND INTRANSITIVE VERBS
Verbs can also be divided into:
i) Transitive verb
i) TRANSITIVE VERB:
A transitive verb is a word that denotes
an action which passes from the subject to the object: These verbs cannot
complete their meaning without object and can be used in active as well as
Eg:i) Nikeflew a kite.
ii)Rosy reciteda poem.
In the first example the action is transferred to the kite , whereas, in the second example the action is transferred to the poem. The words ‘flew’ and ‘ recited’ are transitive verbs.
ii) INTRANSITIVE VERB
An Intransitive verb is a verb which can complete its meaning without an object. These verbs are used in active voice only and may take a complement.
ii)The garden looksbeautiful.
iv)The minister lookedangry.
In the last three examples the words ‘beautiful’, ‘sad’, and ‘angry’ help to complete the
predicate and are called ‘COMPLEMENT’.
FINITE AND NON FINITE VERBS.
I) FINITE VERB: A Finite verb has
present and past forms and changes with
tense, person and number of the subject. It forms an essential part of the
She writes emails. ( Present tense) She wrote emails. (Past tense)
They write emails. (Present tense) They wrote emails. (Past tense)
II) NON FINITE VERBS:
Non finite verbs are of two types.
VERBS: They remain unchanged
in tenses and is preceded by marker ‘to’.
Eg: She likesto draw landscapes. ( Present tense) likes-> finite verb, ‘to draw’-> infinitive verb,
does not change with tense or subject.
Eg: She liked
to draw landscapes. (Past tense)
liked-> finite verb, (changes with tense) ‘to draw’ -> infinitive verb,
(does not change)
2) PARTICIPLE :
Participles are non finite verbs , and are of two types.
a) PRESENT PARTICIPLE b) PAST PARTICIPLE
a)Present participles are made by adding ‘ing’
to the main verb.
FINITE VERB: A
finite verb changes with tense, number, person of the subject and forms an
essential part of the sentence.
INTRANSITIVE VERB : Intransitive verbs are verbs which can complete their meaning without an object. These are used in active
voice only and may take a complement.
If a verb does not require the addition of ed, d or t to form the past tense ,it is a strong verb,
which are also called irregular verbs. Eg: eaten, driven, spoken.
MAIN VERB :
Main verbs are base verbs which are used as full verbs .
Modals are auxiliary verbs which are used along with main verbs to form a
PERFORMATIVE VERB : Verbs like ‘request’, ‘forbid’, ‘inform’ , ‘promise’, ‘apologize’,
‘thank’ that clearly state the kind of
act being performed are called performative verb. It usually begins with ‘I’.
A type of verb which works like a phrase is called a phrasal verb. Eg: go up,
come down, put down.
QUASI-PASSIVE VERB : These verbs are active in form but passive in sense. Eg: Wheat sells
cheap.- Wheat is sold cheap.
Honey tastes sweet.- Honey is sweet when tasted.
REGULAR VERB :
All the above verbs end with ‘ed’, ‘d’ or ‘t’ in the past tense which was
changed from the present tense with or without any change of the side vowel.
These verbs are called regular verbs or weak verbs.
: A transitive verb is a word that
denotes an action which passes from the subject to the object: These verbs
cannot complete their meaning without object and can be used in active as well
as passive voice.
Work is worship. Lord Krishna in ‘Bhagvad Gita’ says, the purpose of life is ‘Karma’ or work. There is no greater worship than work. Lord Krishna says, “Do your work well, do not look for results.” As you do the work ,so will the results follow in its own course. It is expectations, which is the prime cause of grief. We are born to work- work for the betterment of mankind, and the world as a whole.
Work is work, and should not be discriminated upon. Every type of work is essential for our existence. Work should not be categorized as high or low. This type of categorization is existent in the under-developed and developing countries , where population is high and manual labour is cheap. In developed countries manual labour is held high regard and is well paid. This is also the prime cause of immigration from underdeveloped countries to the developed ones.
It is really
strange that people seem to look down upon some of the essential work as mean.
Cleaning, serving others, doing household chores are looked down as menial
work. Nobody is eager to do them. The truth is without these basic work, our
lives would be miserable. Therefore, we must change our mindset and understand
that no work is mean, and deserves equal respect.
We must do each and every work to the best of our capabilities and success is sure to follow. The secret of success is doing every work to perfection, irrespective of what we are doing. We must try to do the work so well that no one will be able to do it in a better manner. Every being must understand the dignity of labour, and make the world a better place to live in.