GRAMMATICAL AND LEXICAL ABBREVIATIONS

abbr – abbreviation
act – active voice
add – additive case
adj/ Adj – adjective
adv/ Adv – adverb
aff – affirmative
ajc – adjacent
ant – antonym
appos – apposition
aprt – active participle / present participle
arch – archaic (old, no longer in use)
art – article
asrt – assertive mood
attr – attributive
aux v – auxiliary verb
bg – background
c – common gender
card – cardinal numeral
caus – causative
cent – centric case
coll – collocation
comp – compound
conj/cnj – conjunction
cmpr – comparative
dat – dative case
decl – declarative mood
def – definite
dem – demonstrative
dep – dependent (clause)
det – determiner
dim – diminutive
dir – direct case/ voice
distr – distributive case
dobj – direct object
emph – emphatic
epit – epithet
erg – ergative case
ev – evidential
exist – existential
f/fem – feminine
fin – finite verb
foc – focus
fut – future tense
ger – gerund
hyph – hyphenated
idm – idiom
imp – imperative mood
ind – indicative mood
inf – infinitive
int – interrogative
intr /i – intransitive
interj/ inj  – interjection
is – indirect speech
m/masc – masculine
mod – modal/ mood
n – noun
neut – neuter gender
neg – negation/ negative
nfin- non finite
nom – nominative
nom com – nominal compound
num – numeral
obj – object
onom – onomatopoeia
opp – opposite
opt – opative mood
ord – ordinal number
orig – origin
pass – passive voice
perm – -permission/ permissive mood
pers – personal
phr – phrase
phr v – phrasal verb
pl – plural
pp – past participle
poss – possessive
pprt – past participle/ passive participle
pred – predicative
pref – prefix
prep – preposition
perf –  perfect
prog – progressive
pron – pronoun
pres t – present tense
prtl – particle (adverb)
prtcl – participle
pst/ pt – past tense
sb – somebody
sing – singular
sth – something
subj – subject
suff – suffix
v – verb

My Father

Photo by Anna Shvets

My father was my idol,
The most perfect being;
Who looked like a prince,
And lived like a king.

He was the strongest fellow,
The wisest of the wise.
The merriest of all fellows,
A being destined to rise.

I loved my dad to bits,
And hung to him all time.
He spoilt me with his love,
And helped me to shine.

He was a perfect person,
A genius and with midas touch.
I adored him with starry eyes;
And admired him so much.

I want every father to know,
That your daughters love you so.
All daughters have this image,
Of the perfect man their dad.

Do be the knight in their lives,
And value their priceless love.
Work hard to keep this image,
And be an awesome dad.

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT

This is a reblog of my previous post, hope you find it useful.

English Literature and Grammar

Heagrees with them.
Theyagree with him.

A Verb must agree with its Subject in Number and Person. A singular subject takes a singular verb; and a plural subject takes a plural verb.

Rules for Agreement of subject and verb:

1) Two or more singular subjects joined by ‘and’ usually take a plural verb.

E.g. – Raman and Harry work hard.

Air and water are necessary for survival.

Nancy and I were the hosts of the party.

The author and the publisher were in a meeting.

2) If two nouns suggest only one idea or refer to the same person or thing then it will take a singular verb.

E.g. Slow and steady wins the race.

Beans and rice is her favourite dish.

The horse and carriage is at the door.

Comfort and luxury has made him lazy.

Bread and butter is a wholesome breakfast.

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Quotes n’ Notes: John Milton # When I Consider…

Creative Expressions

When I consider how my light is spent,
Ere half my days, in this dark world and wide,
And that one Talent which is death to hide
Lodged with me useless, though my Soul more bent
To serve therewith my Maker, and present
My true account, lest he returning chide;
“Doth God exact day-labour, light denied?”
I fondly ask. But patience, to prevent
That murmur, soon replies, “God doth not need
Either man’s work or his own gifts; who best
Bear his mild yoke, they serve him best. His state
Is Kingly. Thousands at his bidding speed
And post o’er Land and Ocean without rest:
They also serve who only stand and wait.”

[By – John Milton]

Notes:
When I Consider How my Light Is Spent, also known as ‘On His Blindness’, is a Miltonic sonnet. John Milton has been best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost, considered…

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Lockdown

Peace and prosperity
A regular day  out
Is what we want in life
Other things are luxury

We realise the importance
Of everyday blessings
When it slips away
Like sands from our hands

The freedom to move around
In blissful bountiful nature
Without worries to wear you down
Is what the heart craves for

It doesn’t take the law
To imprison the masses
In their demure homes
For months at a stretch

Invisible voiceless viruses
Can change and ruin lives
Punish people without trials
For abstract faults of man.

The Little Black Ants

Photo by Syed Rajeeb

It was a hot day and the ants were happy to be working in maintaining their colony. The colony had two queen ants, who were caring and responsible. The colony wasn’t big at all. In fact the colony lived under a terracotta pot which bloomed lilies only during summer. The entire year went by for the lily plant, without much activity except for making food and storing them in the bulbs which had the roots of the plant. So when the Queen ants asked for permission to build a colony under the pot; the kind lily plant and all the small insects and earthworms in the pot readily agreed. The pot was kept   on a marble slab which was a part of the balcony.

The little black ants liked the clean white floor and soon the place under the pot had a happy colony of ants with lots of white eggs on the white marble slab. The place was cool and comfortable because of the moist terracotta pot. The ants cared for the plant by loosening the clay and helping the roots breathe.

One day, Khuku, a little girl who lived in that apartment, decided to clean the marble slab with water and soap to make it shine like new. As she removed the pot, the little black ants ran helter-skelter in frenzy as the scorching rays of the sun fell on the tiny white eggs on the white marble slab.

It amused Khuku to see the ants running around in panic unable to decide what to do. The queen ants spotted the pot which Khuku had kept a little away from its erstwhile place, and ordered all the ants to carry the eggs to the shade underneath the pot. Each ant hurried with an egg to keep it under the cool shade of the pot, and came back for more. One by one each of the eggs were removed from the scorching heat, though a few of the eggs sadly perished before they could be saved.

Khuku had been placing various obstacles on the way of the ants as they tried to save their little ones. They had huffed and puffed as they went about their work wondering why God was testing their endurance. But once they shifted the eggs, they thanked God and rested after the tiring work.

The amused girl simply picked up the pot once more and shifted it to a place a little further away. Again, Khuku saw some of the black ants, stunned under the sudden brightness of the sun, run around in every direction; but to her surprise, there were no eggs beneath the pot nor did she find the presence of the queen ants. The little ants soon found out the pot and scurried underneath the pot.

Khuku tilted the pot and saw the ants making a bee line towards the tiny hole under the pot. The queen ants had learnt from their experience and had instructed the ants to keep the eggs in a secure place inside the pot. The girl smiled at the intelligence of the ants and kept the pot in its original place after cleaning the slab.

Good leaders save those under them from recurrent troubles. It is important to learn from the first experience and take wise decisions to avoid further misfortunes.

How to write an essay

Creabealounge

Everyone has to write an essay at least once in their lives. Whether it’s for an exam, for extra points or a regular grade, writing an essay isn’t the easiest to write. So, I’m here to provide some tips for you on how to write any essay!

  1. Pick a topic

You may be assigned your topic, or you may be given a free hand to write on the topic of your choice. When you get the subject, you need to think about the kind of paper you want to produce. Should it be a general overview of the topic or a specific analysis? Limit your focus if necessary. If you haven’t been given a topic, you have some more work to do. However, this option also gives you the advantage of choosing a topic that’s interesting or relevant to you. First, determine your goal. Is your essay intended to inform…

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Simplicity Saves

Photo by Akil Mazumder

.

Simplicity can save the world.
Simply by thinking that we can;
We mould our minds to perform,
Whatever we aspire to do.

Unknowingly we take small steps;
And think twice before buying-
Things  that we don’t really need;
Or, reuse that bottle to plant a plant.

Baby steps for an individuals,
But marathons for mankind.
We need to rewire our thinking;
And totally abstain from greed.

If everyone cares for the world,
And shows their love through deeds.
Each day the earth will get better
And it’ll become a heaven indeed.

Photo by J Lee

A Summary and Analysis of Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe —

Robinson Crusoe, often called the first English novel, was written by Daniel Defoe and published in 1719. The novel is the tale of one man’s survival on a desert island following a shipwreck. Published in 1719, the book didn’t carry Defoe’s name, and it was offered to the public as a true account of real […]

A Summary and Analysis of Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe —